SPPH 300 Module Quizzes

Description

SPPH 300 Module 1-10 Quizzes
J -
Quiz by J -, updated more than 1 year ago
J -
Created by J - about 6 years ago
144
1

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What was the #1 risk factor for global DALYs in 2010?
Answer
  • Drug Use
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Low Physical Activity
  • Tobacco Smoking

Question 2

Question
Infectious diseases kill more people every year than noncommunicable diseases do.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Which of the following can facilitate analysis of the relationship between population health and spatial data?
Answer
  • The Behavioral Surveillance Survey (BSS)
  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
  • The Routine Health Information Network (RHINO)
  • The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

Question 4

Question
According to the article, which of the following is NOT one of the three global drivers of rapid transitions in global health?
Answer
  • Changes in causes of death
  • Changes in causes of disability
  • Demographic changes
  • Migration

Question 5

Question
How many Sustainable Development Goals are there?
Answer
  • 10
  • 15
  • 17
  • 20

Question 6

Question
Which of the following MDG targets have been met?
Answer
  • HIV
  • TB
  • Malaria
  • All of the above

Question 7

Question
What component of the United Nations authorizes the adoption of international development goals, including the SDGs and the MDGs?
Answer
  • The General Assembly
  • The Secretariat
  • The Security Council
  • The Trusteeship Council

Question 8

Question
Approximately how many Global Health Initiatives (GHIs) currently exist?
Answer
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 200

Question 9

Question
What is the number one cause of death throughout the world?
Answer
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Ischemic Heart Disease
  • Malnutrition
  • Cancer

Question 10

Question
Which of the following is a key difference between global health estimates that come from UN Agencies compared to those from academic institutions?
Answer
  • Amount of time taken for analysis
  • Degree of rigor
  • Reputation of the authors
  • Underlying data source

Question 11

Question
_______ describes “the freedom, scope, and mechanisms that governments have to choose, design and implement public policies to fulfill their aims”
Answer
  • Chronicity
  • Free will
  • Policy capacity
  • Policy space

Question 12

Question
International travel with the purpose of seeking medical care, including surgeries, is rare and does not significantly contribute to the global spread of infections.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
What is the main source of healthcare financing in low income countries?
Answer
  • Private prepaid plans
  • Out of pocket spending
  • Social health insurance
  • Territorial government

Question 14

Question
International trade mainly impacts infectious disease transmission, and has little effect on the global spread of chronic diseases.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
______ is a worldwide communication and data collection network of travel and tropical medicine clinics started more than a decade ago that systematically gathers information on ill international travelers and migrants.
Answer
  • The GeoSentinel Network
  • The Centers for Disease Control
  • The Global Burden of Disease
  • The Travelers Illness Database

Question 16

Question
As of 2015, how many countries did not meet the 2006 World Health Report threshold of 22.8 skilled health professionals per 10 000 population?
Answer
  • 103
  • 83
  • 63
  • 43

Question 17

Question
During the 1980s and 1990s, international financial institutions, such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), embraced a set of economic policies known as:
Answer
  • the Kyoto Protocol
  • the North American Free Trade Agreement
  • the Paris Agreement
  • the Washington Concensus

Question 18

Question
The International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) came out of the:
Answer
  • Alma Ata Conference
  • Geneva Conference
  • Bretton Woods Negotiations
  • Paris Agreement

Question 19

Question
Globally, approximately how many people are pushed below the poverty line each year due to spending on healthcare?
Answer
  • 500 million
  • 100 million
  • 50 million
  • 1 million

Question 20

Question
The global deficit of health workers is approximately:
Answer
  • 10.2 million
  • 7.2 million
  • 5.2 million
  • 1.2 million

Question 21

Question
What pollutant affects more people than any other type?
Answer
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Ozone
  • Particulate matter
  • Sulfur dioxide

Question 22

Question
What percentage of Canadian households is estimated to experience food insecurity?
Answer
  • 12%
  • 9%
  • 6%
  • 3%

Question 23

Question
The right of peoples and sovereign states to democratically determine their own agricultural and food policies is known as:
Answer
  • Food policy
  • Food safety
  • Food security
  • Food sovereignty

Question 24

Question
Unfair systematic differences in health that are judged to be avoidable by reasonable action are known as:
Answer
  • Social determinant of health
  • Health inequity
  • Health circumstances
  • Lived experience

Question 25

Question
The valued social networks and reciprocal social bonds that sustain human engagement and cooperation are known as:
Answer
  • communities of care
  • the human connection
  • social capital
  • systems of value

Question 26

Question
The World Health Organization estimates that the majority (80%) of outdoor air pollution-related premature deaths are the result of:
Answer
  • Emphysema
  • Lower respiratory infections
  • Lung cancer
  • Ischemic heart disease or stroke

Question 27

Question
True or False: Both of the global Millenium Development Goal (MDG) targets for drinking water and sanitation were met.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
Which of the following is NOT considered a social determinant of health?
Answer
  • Age
  • Disability
  • Education
  • Income status

Question 29

Question
_____ refers to the idea that each culture has developed its own ways of solving the problems of how to live together, obtain the essentials of life--such as food and shelter--and explain phenomena.
Answer
  • Cultural appropriation
  • Cultural competence
  • Cultural relativism
  • Cultural safety

Question 30

Question
The degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions is known as:
Answer
  • Education level
  • Empowerment
  • Health literacy
  • Individual agency

Question 31

Question
Which of the following is NOT a major provider of funding for global health?
Answer
  • Governments
  • Private Foundations
  • Individuals
  • Businesses/ the private sector
  • Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs)

Question 32

Question
Who was the first director general of the World Health Organization (WHO)?
Answer
  • Hiroshi Nakajima
  • Brock Chisholm
  • Marcolino Candau
  • Margaret Chan

Question 33

Question
Under the governance principles of the UN system, _______ functions as the central governing body of the World Health Organization and is responsible for appointing the Director General, overseeing all major decision making, and approving the program budget.
Answer
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The General Assembly
  • The Secretariat
  • The World Health Assembly

Question 34

Question
The bilateral aid agency of the United Kingdom is called:
Answer
  • The Department for International Development (DFID)
  • The United Agency for International Development (UAID)
  • The Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade, and Development (DFATD)
  • None of the above

Question 35

Question
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is an example of which of the following:
Answer
  • A bilateral aid agency
  • A global health partnership (GHP)
  • An inter-governmental organization
  • A private foundation

Question 36

Question
A large number of global health actors support the sharing of intellectual property, guideline development, and surveillance activities.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
The network of transnational actors that have a primary intent to improve health and the polylateral arrangements for governance, finance and delivery within which these actors operate is known as:
Answer
  • The Global Health System
  • The World Health Organization
  • The International Health Network
  • The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations

Question 38

Question
The Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) was founded before the World Health Organization (WHO).
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
Which foundation was a significant player in international health in the early 20th century?
Answer
  • Bloomberg Philanthropies
  • The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
  • The McKnight Foundation
  • The Rockefeller Foundation

Question 40

Question
The Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Partnership was initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, UNDP, and the World Bank. When was RBM founded?
Answer
  • 1975
  • 1988
  • 1998
  • 2015

Question 41

Question
The process by which populations shift from high rates of infectious disease and short life expectancies to increasing rates of chronic non-communicable diseases that have time to develop over longer life expectancies is known as: ______.
Answer
  • Development
  • The epidemiologic transition
  • The health transition

Question 42

Question
Which of the following is essential for a successful multicultural collaboration?
Answer
  • Geographic proximity
  • Shared beliefs and values
  • Shared language
  • Shared purpose

Question 43

Question
Critical reflectivity is a highly structured process that should be practiced according to specific guides.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

Question
People or groups that are indirectly affected, either positively or negatively, by an effort or the actions of an agency, institution, or organization are known as:
Answer
  • Key stakeholders
  • Primary stakeholders
  • Secondary stakeholders
  • Non-stakeholders

Question 45

Question
To build trust, what should be the first task of any public health intervention?
Answer
  • Establish clear communication channels with the media
  • Seek permission and get buy-in from local authorities
  • Reach out to local communities

Question 46

Question
_______ is an area for study, research, and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide while emphasizing transnational health issues, determinants, and solutions, involving many disciplines within and beyond the health sciences, promoting interdisciplinary collaboration, and synthasizing population based prevention with individual-level clinical care.
Answer
  • Global Health
  • Public Health
  • International Health

Question 47

Question
Individuals and groups who have an interest or share responsibilities in a given issue, such as policymakers, community leaders, special groups, and community members are known as:
Answer
  • Stakeholders
  • Communities
  • Vulnerable populations

Question 48

Question
Which of the following is NOT a major macro-level challenge that global health will likely face in the next decade?
Answer
  • Climate Change
  • The dramatic rise of infectious diseases
  • Disaster and conflict
  • Longevity and ageing
  • Urbanization

Question 49

Question
Which of the following can lead to distrust in public health?
Answer
  • Lack of understanding of cultures
  • Leadership influence
  • Myths about health
  • Poor communication
  • All of the above

Question 50

Question
Which of the following is NOT a goal of community engagement in research?
Answer
  • To assess the contextual acceptability of research
  • To avoid exploitation
  • To bring money to communities
  • To ensure the relevance of findings

Question 51

Question
The balancing of the positive features and benefits of a particular intervention, policy, or research study against its negative features and effects, when deciding whether or not to implement it is known as:
Answer
  • Distributive Justice
  • Egalitarianism
  • Procedural Justice
  • Proportionality

Question 52

Question
When was the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted?
Answer
  • 1968
  • 1958
  • 1948
  • 1938

Question 53

Question
Procedures for obtaining informed consent should always be the same, even in different cultural context, in order to maintain consistency and rigor.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

Question
Prevention efforts that aim to shorten the duration of a condition after infection or onset are known as:
Answer
  • Primary
  • Secondary
  • Tertiary
  • None of the above

Question 55

Question
The primary document that governs human subjects research in Canada is:
Answer
  • The Tri Council Policy Statement
  • The Nuremburg Code
  • The Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine
  • All of the above

Question 56

Question
Colonialism plays a fundamental role in the history of the field of global public health
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 57

Question
Which of the following are guidelines for the international conduct of research?
Answer
  • the Nuremburg Code
  • the Bretton Woods Agreement
  • the Paris Declaration
  • the TRIPS Agreement

Question 58

Question
Angelina is training to be a medical doctor and will be travelling to a developing country for a rotation. What are some steps that Angelina can take to help her adapt her skills to resource-limited settings?
Answer
  • Ask for guidance
  • Educate herself prior to departure
  • Travel to established programs or sites
  • All of the above

Question 59

Question
According to the psychosocial model of complete patient care, physicians must address not only a patient’s physical ailments, but his psychological and social needs as well.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 60

Question
High-income countries spend about how many times more on health per capita than low-income countries?
Answer
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 200

Question 61

Question
Which of the following is an essential right that states must fulfill under the 'core minimum obligation'?
Answer
  • Access to the minimum essential food which is nutritionally adequate and safe
  • Access to shelter, housing and sanitation and an adequate supply of safe drinking water
  • The provision of essential drugs
  • All of the above

Question 62

Question
Which of the following is NOT a recommended strategy for low- and middle-income countries to address healthcare worker migration?
Answer
  • Diversify skill-mix
  • Increase health worker wages to match those in developed countries
  • Place emphasis on non-wage retention strategies
  • Promote circular migration

Question 63

Question
Which of the following is widely considered to be the central instrument of protection of the right to health?
Answer
  • The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
  • The Nuremburg Code
  • The TRIPS Agreement
  • The Vienna Declaration

Question 64

Question
Which of the following is NOT one of the four criteria by which to evaluate the right to health--according to General Comment 14 on the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights?
Answer
  • Availability
  • Accessability
  • Acceptability
  • Quality
  • Quantity

Question 65

Question
Trained and authorized health workers in communities carrying out a variety of healthcare tasks is known as _________.
Answer
  • Community leadership
  • Offloading
  • Task sharing
  • Traditional Medicine

Question 66

Question
_____________ is a programming strategy of the World Health Organization (WHO) that was popularized in the 1970s. This strategy represented the WHO's effort to re-engage with human rights language.
Answer
  • Health in All Policies
  • Health for All
  • The Declaration of Alma Ata
  • Health as a Human Right

Question 67

Question
Which of the following is NOT a key principle of Community Based Participatory Research?
Answer
  • Continually facilitating collaboration and partnership in each phase of the research
  • Interrogating knowledge and action
  • Partnering on the dissemination of research findings
  • Researchers clearly determine the research question before engaging the community

Question 68

Question
The principle of _________ seeks to guarantee that human rights are exercised without discrimination of any kind based on race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status such as disability, age, marital and family status, sexual orientation and gender identity, health status, place of residence, economic and social situation.
Answer
  • Accountability
  • Fairness
  • Non-discrimination
  • Universality

Question 69

Question
According to World Health Organization estimates, what is the minimum annual cost per person (excluding basic needs) to ensure the right to health?
Answer
  • $20 USD
  • $40 USD
  • $100USD
  • $500USD

Question 70

Question
Systematic, plausibly avoidable differences in health, varying according to levels of social advantage, are known as:
Answer
  • Health inequities
  • Poverty
  • Disadvantage
  • Health differences

Question 71

Question
The permanence of structures, roles, and processes for prolonged periods of time (sometimes despite preferable alternatives) is known as _______. This phenomena can stifle economic and health systems development, particularly when created to privilege the interests of particular groups in society.
Answer
  • Organizational norms
  • Path dependence
  • Resistance to change
  • Rigidity

Question 72

Question
Which of the following is NOT one of the seven main perspectives within the discipline of organizational studies?
Answer
  • Contingency
  • Complexity
  • Institutional
  • Relational

Question 73

Question
_________ is an initiative that was created by The World Health Organization (WHO) to provide free access to thousands of journals for low- and middle-income institutions.
Answer
  • Data Repository
  • FOSCOLLAB
  • HINARI
  • WHOLIS

Question 74

Question
The existence of structures and processes that allow a program to leverage resources to effectively implement and maintain evidence-based policies and activities is known as:
Answer
  • Sustainability capacity
  • Organizational bandwidth
  • Health impact synergy
  • Knowledge and information management

Question 75

Question
Which of the following is a benefit of a community dialogue?
Answer
  • Build the capacity of the group to act on ideas
  • Focus corporate and organizational investment towards community benefit
  • Generate local media attention
  • All of the above

Question 76

Question
Which of the following is NOT an international document that is focused on the importance of country ownership in development?
Answer
  • The Accra Agenda for Action (2008)
  • The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005)
  • Guidelines from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria
  • The Paris Agreement (2016)

Question 77

Question
Which of the following is NOT a prerequisite of effective research?
Answer
  • Individual research skills and ability
  • Appropriate infrastructure
  • Relevance to national policies
  • The ability to contribute to global research and policy needs
  • Technological advancements

Question 78

Question
A community asset can be:
Answer
  • A person
  • A physical structure
  • A community service
  • A business
  • All of the above

Question 79

Question
Which of the following has been a criticism of the term 'community capacity building'?
Answer
  • it is too expensive to conduct
  • it implies that experts ‘teach’ communities what to do
  • it takes too much time
  • communities do not want to build their own capacity

Question 80

Question
According to The WHO European Office for Investment for Health Development, the resources that individuals and communities have at their disposal, which protect against negative health outcomes and/or promote health status are known as:
Answer
  • Health assets
  • Strengths
  • Health promotion skills
  • All of the above

Question 81

Question
What report or document is called for at the beginning of the project lifecycle?
Answer
  • Project Initiation Document (PID)
  • Project Planning Document (PPD)
  • Progress Report
  • None of the above

Question 82

Question
Circumstances beyond the control of the project manager or government that might impact the success of an international development project are known as _________.
Answer
  • Cultural factors
  • Managerial factors
  • Physical factors
  • None of the above

Question 83

Question
__________ is intended to help plan effectively for a project by breaking key tasks or activities into more manageable and smaller units of work.
Answer
  • Critical path analysis
  • Gantt chart
  • Resource histogram
  • Work breakdown structure (WBS)

Question 84

Question
The specific changes in program participants’ behavior, knowledge, skills, status and level of functioning are known as __________.
Answer
  • Goals
  • Objectives
  • Outcomes
  • Outputs

Question 85

Question
Which of the following is a systematic and visual way to represent how a program works?
Answer
  • A Logic Model
  • The Planning Cycle
  • Program Framework
  • None of the above

Question 86

Question
Which of the following is a horizontal bar chart used in project scheduling?
Answer
  • A critical path analysis
  • A cost breakdown structure
  • A Gantt chart
  • A histogram

Question 87

Question
Which of the following is a limitation of the logic model?
Answer
  • It may be incorrect
  • Establishing boundaries for inclusion can be a barrier
  • Time consuming to create
  • All of the above

Question 88

Question
As the gold standard for evidence in public health, public health interventions, priorities, and policies should always be grounded in randomized control trials.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 89

Question
Which of the following is NOT a reason why the logic model is an effective tool in program design, implementation, and evaluation?
Answer
  • It logically links activities and effects
  • It is visually engaging
  • It provokes thought and triggers questions
  • It includes forces known to influence the desired outcomes
  • It displays the 'whole picture' of what is going on with a project

Question 90

Question
Which of the following types of statements are based on the results of Randomized Control Studies?
Answer
  • Plausability statements
  • Probability statements
  • Adequacy statements
  • All of the above

Question 91

Question
Which of the following should NOT be included in a situation analysis?
Answer
  • A comprehensive plan for program implementation
  • Facts describing the epidemiology, demography and health status of a population
  • An assessment of the current health situation as compared to the expectations and needs of a country
  • An assessment of stakeholder positions

Question 92

Question
A situation analysis is a collection of facts describing the epidemiology, demography and health status of the population.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 93

Question
When should community needs and assets be assessed?
Answer
  • Prior to planning a global health intervention
  • During program implementation
  • At the end of a program
  • Multiple times on an ongoing basis throughout all program stages

Question 94

Question
It is more important to assess community needs than it is to assess community assets and resources.
Answer
  • False
  • True

Question 95

Question
Individual-level interventions are characterized by higher levels of personal interaction between the targets of the interventions and their providers and are more likely to be based on psychosocial or biomedical explanations for behavior.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 96

Question
Systems thinking is specific to the field of public health.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 97

Question
Advertisements by a national government encouraging physical activity in its populace are an example of what level of intervention?
Answer
  • individual level
  • organizational level
  • community level
  • societal (population) level

Question 98

Question
An intervention to get hospitalized cancer patients to give up smoking to promote recovery from their surgery is an example of what type of health intervention?
Answer
  • Primary
  • Secondary
  • Tertiary
  • None of the above

Question 99

Question
Community leaders and policy makers are examples of:
Answer
  • Agents of change
  • Targets of change
  • All of the above
  • None of the above

Question 100

Question
Which of the following is NOT one of the four areas that a situation analysis gathers information in?
Answer
  • The problem, its severity and its causes
  • The people affected by the problem
  • The broad context in which the problem exists
  • Factors inhibiting or facilitating behavior change
  • Financial resources for potential interventions
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