Retrieval

Description

Quiz on Retrieval, created by evans.danielle93 on 04/09/2014.
evans.danielle93
Quiz by evans.danielle93, updated more than 1 year ago
evans.danielle93
Created by evans.danielle93 almost 9 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is Recognition memory?
Answer
  • Process by which you like faces of people you have seen before (recognize), more than novel faces
  • Ability to correctly distinguish between a previously seen stimulus and a new or novel stimuli
  • Phenomena by which memories that are retrieved more frequently are more susceptible to corruption by external stimuli

Question 2

Question
What is the fundamental difference between a Forced-Choice Recognition Test and a Yes-No Recognition Test?
Answer
  • Participants in the Yes-No tests are only ask yes-no questions, compared to the FCRT participants who can be asked a wide range of varying questions
  • yes-no recognition tests do not yield results testing Retrieval memory, rather test imagination inflation
  • In a yes-no test shows participants 1 target at a time to gain a yes-no answer to if they have seen it before, while the FCRT shows participants multiple targets at once and participants are required to choose the one they have seen before

Question 3

Question
What are issues with testing recognition memory? (can choose multiple answers)
Answer
  • Hard to determining exactly what qualifies as good recognition
  • Impossible to determine what recognition memory really is
  • Cannot be sure individual participants are just guessing when they are unsure
  • very few people have the ability to recall/ recognise familiar objects in an experimental setting

Question 4

Question
What is Signal Detection Theory?
Answer
  • A persons ability to remember commands (such as army signals)
  • An individuals ability to detect body language of strangers to access situations by generalizing previously determined signals
  • A model of Recognition theory by which traces in our memory have strength based on their activation level in memory-creates familiarity
  • A model of Encoding memory that allows individuals to use signals from previously encoded memories to attach new knowledge to the greater knowledge map of the topic

Question 5

Question
What causes traces (in SDT) to vary in familiarity?
Answer
  • How much attention was paid to it at point of encoding
  • How many times the original target was repeated
  • Whether or not an individual likes the target
  • How similar the target is to everyday objects

Question 6

Question
Signal Detection Theory assumes new items will be completely novel and have no familiarity
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
What potential reasons are there for new items having a degree of familiarity?
Answer
  • Items maybe seen frequently outside they experiment, like a table, or a door
  • Individuals are only guessing answers and not truly paying attention to the test
  • new items may be similar to items studied

Question 8

Question
What are possible ways for new items to be less familiar and old items to be made more familiar (bell curves be further apart)
Answer
  • Inform participants at the beginning of the experiment that it is imperative they remember the old items
  • Increase the amount of time each item is studied during the encoding phase
  • Increase the number of times an item is studied during the encoding phase
  • Remove the individuals whose scores dont reflect expected results
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