Geology Exam #1

Emilie Zibble
Quiz by Emilie Zibble, updated more than 1 year ago
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Quiz on Geology Exam #1, created by Emilie Zibble on 02/21/2017.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What kind of plate boundary is shown?
Answer
  • Divergent

Question 2

Question
What kind of plate boundary is shown?
Answer
  • Convergent
  • Subduction Zone

Question 3

Question
What kind of plate boundary is shown?
Answer
  • Transform

Question 4

Question
What are the four components of continental crust? (don't actually label)
Answer
  • Shields
  • Stable Platform
  • Folded Mountain Belts
  • Continental Rifts

Question 5

Question
What are the five major features of oceans?
Answer
  • Ridges
  • Trenches
  • Islands/Seamounts
  • Abyssal floor
  • Continental Margin

Question 6

Question
What are the fundamental differences between oceanic & continental crust?
Answer
  • Oceanic plates are denser
  • Continental plates are denser
  • Oceanic crust is mainly granitic
  • Oceanic crust is mainly basaltic
  • Continental crust is mainly granitic
  • Continental crust is mainly basaltic
  • Oceanic crust has higher silica chemical composition than continental crust
  • Oceanic crust has lower silica chemical composition than continental crust
  • Oceanic crust is older
  • Continental crust is older

Question 7

Question
Label the interior structure of Earth.
Answer
  • Asthenosphere
  • Lithosphere
  • Mantle
  • Outer Core
  • Inner Core
  • Crust

Question 8

Question
The Hydrologic Cycle states that [blank_start]__________[blank_end]. It begins with [blank_start]________[blank_end] of water from [blank_start]________[blank_end]. As it is [blank_start]_________[blank_end] the water [blank_start]________[blank_end] and forms [blank_start]_______.[blank_end] It travels around the world until it returns as [blank_start]________[blank_end].
Answer
  • there is a fixed amount of water
  • there is a variable amount of water
  • condensation
  • precipitation
  • evaporation
  • continents
  • oceans
  • mountains
  • mantle
  • rising
  • falling
  • precipitates
  • evaporates
  • condenses
  • rivers.
  • streams.
  • clouds.
  • steam.
  • precipitation
  • condensation
  • evaporation

Question 9

Question
Minerals cannot be broken down into simpler forms by heat, cold, or reaction with other chemical elements.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
What are two key factors that determine which atoms will unite with others to form compounds?
Answer
  • What energy level each atom contains
  • How each atom will reach chemical stability
  • Where the atom is located
  • How large the diameter of the electrons orbiting is
  • If the resulting compound will be electrically neutral

Question 11

Question
An atom that has lost or gained one or more electrons to become a charged particle is a(n) [blank_start]_____[blank_end]. Sharing electrons produces a(n) [blank_start]_______[blank_end] in which outer energy levels of the atoms overlap. The attraction of a negatively charged electron cloud to a positively charged nuclei is called a(n) [blank_start]_______[blank_end].
Answer
  • ion
  • covalent bond
  • metallic bond

Question 12

Question
What are the six characteristics of minerals? It must be [blank_start]____[blank_end], and [blank_start]____[blank_end]. It must be a [blank_start]______[blank_end] and [blank_start]______[blank_end], with a [blank_start]_______[blank_end] structure, and have a [blank_start]_______[blank_end].
Answer
  • homogeneous
  • naturally occuring
  • solid
  • inorganic
  • crystalline
  • defined chemical composition

Question 13

Question
Polymorphism is __________.
Answer
  • When a mineral can be transform its chemical composition but maintain crystalline structure due to similar pressure and temperature conditions
  • When two minerals have the same chemical composition but different crystal structures due to differing pressure and temperature conditions
  • When a mineral is the protolith for many different rocks
  • When an intrusion metamorphosizes surrounding rocks

Question 14

Question
The growth of minerals: 1. [blank_start]______[blank_end] from a [blank_start]_____[blank_end] 2. [blank_start]______[blank_end] from a [blank_start]_____[blank_end] 3. [blank_start]______[blank_end] state [blank_start]_______[blank_end]
Answer
  • growth
  • melt
  • Precipitate
  • solution
  • Solid
  • recrystallization

Question 15

Question
What are the ways in which a mineral can be destroyed?
Answer
  • Explosion
  • Damage
  • Melting
  • Intrusion
  • Dissolution
  • Recrystallization
  • Decrystallization
  • Freezing

Question 16

Question
The six groups of predominate Rock-forming minerals are;
Answer
  • Quartz
  • Silicates
  • Carbonates
  • Sulfides
  • Magnesium
  • Carbon
  • Oxides
  • Sulfates
  • Halides

Question 17

Question
Define igneous rocks. Igneous rocks are rocks that formed from [blank_start]___________[blank_end].
Answer
  • molten material

Question 18

Question
Which is the correct statement about the four igneous rock compositions are basalt, gabbro, granite and rhyolite?
Answer
  • Granite and Rhyolite are low in silica composition, Basalt and Gabbro are high in silica composition. Granite and Basalt crystallize underground, and Rhyolite and Gabbro crystallize at the surface.
  • Granite and Rhyolite are high in silica composition, Basalt and Gabbro are low in silica composition. Granite and Basalt crystallize at the surface, and Rhyolite and Gabbro crystallize underground.
  • Granite and Rhyolite are high in silica composition, Basalt and Gabbro are low in silica composition. Granite and Gabbro crystallize underground, and Rhyolite and Basalt crystallize at the surface.
  • Granite and Rhyolite are low in silica composition, Basalt and Gabbro are high in silica composition. Granite and Rhyolite crystallize at the surface, and Basalt and Gabbro crystallize underground.

Question 19

Question
The viscosity of magma generally decreases with silica content.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
The difference between basaltic and granitic magma is...
Answer
  • Granitic magma has low silica content and thus cools faster underground, Basaltic magma has high silica content and is more likely to erupt at the surface.
  • Basaltic magma has low silica content and thus cools faster underground, Granitic magma has high silica content and is more likely to erupt at the surface.

Question 21

Question
The temperature at which a mineral melts is roughly the same as the temperature at which it crystallizes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Bowen's binary reaction series shows...
Answer
  • That minerals melt and crystallize at the same temperature.
  • That minerals have the same crystallization temperatures, but as the magma cools the composition changes due to it being either basaltic or granitic magma.
  • That different minerals have different crystallization temperatures, and thus crystallize in a sequence as magma cools and its composition changes.

Question 23

Question
Label the intrusions.
Answer
  • Laccolith
  • Lopolith
  • Sill
  • Dike
  • Batholith

Question 24

Question
Rocks with aphanitic textures are typically intrusive rocks.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Phaneritic textures are typically
Answer
  • Intrusive rocks
  • Extrusive rocks

Question 26

Question
The higher the silica content ...
Answer
  • the higher the viscosity
  • the lower the viscosity

Question 27

Question
The eruptive style of a shield volcano is ...
Answer
  • effusive, because it has a high silica content and is thus, less viscous
  • effusive, because it has a low silica content and is thus, less viscous
  • eruptive, because it has a low silica content and is thus, less viscous
  • eruptive, because it has a high silica content and is thus, less viscous

Question 28

Question
Stratovolcanoes have [blank_start]______[blank_end] eruptive styles, because of [blank_start]_____[blank_end] silica content.
Answer
  • effusive
  • explosive
  • fissure
  • low
  • intermediate
  • high

Question 29

Question
What are three examples of chemical weathering?
Answer
  • Volcanoes
  • Oxidation
  • Melting
  • Hydrolysis
  • Osmosis
  • Dissolving
  • Freezing
  • Dissolution

Question 30

Question
Label different magma/volcanic rock types.
Answer
  • Basalt
  • Andesite
  • Rhyolite

Question 31

Question
Label the Horizons of the soil
Answer
  • A-Horizon
  • B-Horizon
  • C-Horizon
  • D-Horizon
  • E-Horizon
  • K-Horizon
  • A-Horizon
  • B-Horizon
  • C-Horizon
  • D-Horizon
  • E-Horizon
  • K-Horizon
  • A-Horizon
  • B-Horizon
  • C-Horizon
  • D-Horizon
  • E-Horizon
  • K-Horizon
  • A-Horizon
  • B-Horizon
  • C-Horizon
  • D-Horizon
  • E-Horizon
  • K-Horizon
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