Modern Philosophy

paul conn
Quiz by paul conn, updated more than 1 year ago
paul conn
Created by paul conn over 3 years ago
27
1

Description

quiz on philosophy from Descartes to Post Modern era

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Father of modern thought
Answer
  • Rene Descartes
  • David Hume
  • John Locke
  • Immanuel Kant

Question 2

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believed that we are born with tabula rosa
Answer
  • Rene Descartes
  • John Locke
  • Immanuel Kant
  • Thomas Reid

Question 3

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"is" does not mean "ought"
Answer
  • Karl Marx
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • David Hume
  • Rene Descartes

Question 4

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believed we made sense of the world by our collective experiences
Answer
  • John Locke
  • Thomas Reid
  • David Hume
  • Jeremy Bentham

Question 5

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Noumena - thing in itself
Answer
  • Rene Descartes
  • David Hume
  • Immanuel Kant
  • George Berkeley

Question 6

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"Wealth of Nations"
Answer
  • Adam Smith
  • Immanuel Kant
  • John Locke
  • Thomas Hobbes

Question 7

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"to be is to be perceived"
Answer
  • Adam Smith
  • George Berkeley
  • John Locke
  • David Hume

Question 8

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believed there was a common sense (sensus communis) among humans.
Answer
  • George Berkeley
  • Thomas Reid
  • John Stuart Mill
  • Rene Descartes

Question 9

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pleasure highest good
Answer
  • Jeremy Bentham
  • Rene Discartes
  • David Hume
  • Karl Marx

Question 10

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Post modern thinking consists of: [blank_start]1[blank_end] [blank_start]2[blank_end] [blank_start]3[blank_end] [blank_start]4[blank_end] [blank_start]5[blank_end]
Answer
  • community
  • linguistic
  • subjective
  • particular
  • holistic

Question 11

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some actions were praise worthy, others should be shunned
Answer
  • David Hume
  • Thomas Reid
  • Adam Smith
  • Jeremy Bentham

Question 12

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The dialectic terms are: [blank_start]1[blank_end] [blank_start]2[blank_end] [blank_start]3[blank_end]
Answer
  • thesis
  • antithesis
  • synthesis

Question 13

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History is about a struggle of change, that through reason will bring progress and a utopia at the end.
Answer
  • Immanuel Kant
  • George Freidrich Hegel
  • David Hume
  • Thomas Hobbes

Question 14

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Why people like Negative Rights [blank_start]1[blank_end] [blank_start]2[blank_end] [blank_start]3[blank_end] [blank_start]4[blank_end]
Answer
  • you already possess them
  • offer open ended alternatives to life
  • allow freedom of thought, expression
  • they create equality in spite of power

Question 15

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Kant says we experience the world in time and space
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

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we tell ourselves narratives to explain the world
Answer
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein
  • Jean-Francois Lyotard
  • Ferdinand de Saussure
  • Thomas Kuhn

Question 17

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existentialist, believed no god, no hope, nothing but despair
Answer
  • Jean Paul Sartre
  • Thomas Kuhn
  • C.S. Pierce
  • Ferdinand de Saussure

Question 18

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coined the word paradigm to describe the framework of knowledge or world-view one has
Answer
  • Jean-Paul Sartre
  • Thomas Kuhn
  • George Frederich Hegel
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein

Question 19

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Ludwig Wittgenstein thought of language games
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

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forms of life
Answer
  • George Freiderich Hegel
  • Thomas Kuhn
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein
  • C.S. Pierce

Question 21

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Four common views of history are: [blank_start]1[blank_end] [blank_start]2[blank_end] [blank_start]3[blank_end] [blank_start]4[blank_end]
Answer
  • history as circular
  • history as linear
  • history as dialectic
  • history as process

Question 22

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Thomas Reid believed history moved through struggle of opposing ideas.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

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From where do rights originate? [blank_start]1[blank_end] [blank_start]2[blank_end] [blank_start]3[blank_end] [blank_start]4[blank_end]
Answer
  • natural law
  • evolution
  • kings
  • king rights
  • constitution
  • natural rights
  • dialectic
  • community/society
  • local governments
  • ideas
  • reason
  • tabula rosa

Question 24

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3 critiques of Kant
Answer
  • Critique of Aristotelian reason
  • Critique of pure reason
  • Critique of a priori
  • Critique of practical reason
  • Critique of logical reason
  • Critique of judgement

Question 25

Question
4 main categories of the mind [blank_start]1[blank_end] [blank_start]2[blank_end] [blank_start]3[blank_end] [blank_start]4[blank_end]
Answer
  • quantity
  • quality
  • relation
  • modality

Question 26

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Cogito Ergo Sum came from Descartes
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

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Kant believed that an Absolute Spirit pushed history towards an end of history where society becomes a perfect utopia
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

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practical experience was the best teacher of students.
Answer
  • C.S. Pierce
  • John Dewey
  • William James
  • Karl Marx

Question 29

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Critical theory believed that these social activities were political:
Answer
  • church meetings
  • art
  • science
  • government
  • foreign affairs
  • language

Question 30

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materialist, economist and historian
Answer
  • George F Hegel
  • Karl Marx
  • Adam Smith
  • John Locke

Question 31

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What are some evils of capitalism as stated by Marx? [blank_start]1[blank_end] [blank_start]2[blank_end] [blank_start]3[blank_end]
Answer
  • widening gap between rich and poor
  • waste of materials
  • artificial business cycles due to greed

Question 32

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from each, according to his ability, to each, according to his need
Answer
  • C.S. Pierce
  • John Locke
  • Karl Marx
  • Charles Darwin

Question 33

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Being and Nothingness
Answer
  • Jean-Paul Sartre
  • Thomas Kuhn
  • Jean-Francois Lyotard
  • Freidrich Nietzche

Question 34

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Nietzche said that "God is dead"
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

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What are the 4 truth tests? [blank_start]1[blank_end] [blank_start]2[blank_end] [blank_start]3[blank_end] [blank_start]4[blank_end]
Answer
  • correspondence
  • coherence theory
  • pragmatism
  • explanatory power

Question 36

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Jean Paul Sartre wrote a play called "No Exit" where people sat in a waiting room and soon realized they were in hell with people getting on their nerves
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

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Kant believe that knowledge CANNOT be A Priori but ability to understand could be.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

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Thomas Hobbes said that humans develop in a way that makes us able to survive in the world.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

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John Stuart Mill was a utilitarianist who cautioned against inductive fallacies or ambiguity.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

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Utilitarian morality believes in:
Answer
  • ideas are highest good
  • pleasure is highest good
  • socialism provides most democratic means for wealth
  • capitalism provides most democratic means for wealth
  • greatest good for the greatest number of people
  • government should regulate markets
  • Laissez Faire

Question 41

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George Hegel came up with idea of Dialectical or Absolute Idealism
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

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David Hume had 2 types of ideas for knowledge: relation of idea and matters of fact. Called Hume's Fork
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 43

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subject --> object
Answer
  • John Locke
  • Reme Descartes
  • David Hume
  • Immanuel Kant

Question 44

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first american pragmatist
Answer
  • david hume
  • Charles Darwin
  • C.S. Pierce
  • Thomas Kuhn

Question 45

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Wrote Leviathan
Answer
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • Immanuel Kant
  • Rene Descartes
  • David Hume

Question 46

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"existence precedes essence"
Answer
  • Karl Marx
  • Jean Paul Sarte
  • Thomas Reid
  • Sigmund Freud

Question 47

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Solipcism is the view or theory that the self is all that can be known to exist.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

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subject / object split
Answer
  • Thomas Reid
  • John Locke
  • David Hume
  • Thomas Hobbes

Question 49

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outspoken advocate for women's rights
Answer
  • John Locke
  • John Stuart Mill
  • David Hume
  • Karl Marx

Question 50

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Scottish empiricist
Answer
  • Adam Smith
  • John Locke
  • Thomas Reid
  • Karl Marx

Question 51

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sensation and reflection
Answer
  • David Hume
  • John Locke
  • Immanuel Kant
  • George Berkeley

Question 52

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skepticism
Answer
  • John Locke
  • David Hume
  • George Berkeley
  • Immanuel Kant

Question 53

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Categorical Imperative
Answer
  • David Hume
  • John Locke
  • Immanuel Kant
  • George Berkeley

Question 54

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knowledge = idea + reason + empirical demonstration
Answer
  • Rene Descartes
  • Immanuel Kant
  • David Hume
  • George Berkeley

Question 55

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Four R's [blank_start]1[blank_end] [blank_start]2[blank_end] [blank_start]3[blank_end] [blank_start]4[blank_end]
Answer
  • reason
  • respect
  • rights
  • responsibility

Question 56

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Absolute Spirit is the Great Idea, the driving, rational force behind history.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 57

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ethics of care
Answer
  • Karl Marx
  • Carol Gilligan
  • John Locke
  • Thomas Reid

Question 58

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excluded Middle
Answer
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • Rene Descartes
  • Gottfriend Liebniz
  • David Hume
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