FCE Key Word Transformation - Preferences

Emily Melville
Slide Set by , created almost 2 years ago

A presentation explaining the grammar to express preference. These structures are commonly used in FCE Use of English Part 4.

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Emily Melville
Created by Emily Melville almost 2 years ago
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Slide 1

    Word Transformations - Rather/Prefer
    In Use of English Part 4, one of the common language points is that of expression of preference. I.e. talking about things you prefer or want more compared to others. Some of these structures feature 2 subjects. Here are some of the language structures you should know: - S + would rather + bare infinitive - S + would rather not + bare infinitive - S + would rather + S + past simple - S + would rather + S + past simple negative - S + prefer + noun + TO + noun - S + prefer + V-ing - S + prefer + NOT + infinitive  - S + would prefer + S + past simple - S +would prefer + S + past simple negative - S + would sooner + S + past simple  

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    Would rather + bare infinitive
    Expresses a preference -Do you want to go to the pub later? -No, I would rather go to the cinema tonight.

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    S + would rather not + bare infinitive
    Expresses something that is NOT preferred, NOT wanted - We'd rather not have coffee at this time of night.

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    S + would rather + S + past simple
    This structure has TWO subjects - it expresses something that you wish another person would do. - I'm going to clean up the kitchen. - I would rather you cleaned up the bathroom.

Slide 5

    S + would rather + S + past simple (-)
    This structure has TWO subjects - it expresses something that you wish another person would NOT do. - She'd rather he didn't sing in the shower. His voice is terrible.

Slide 6

    S + prefer + noun + TO/OVER + noun
    This is a comparative structure, expressing that you have a favourite. You prefer one thing over another.   - I prefer coffee to tea. - They prefer dancing over tennis.

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    S +would prefer that + S + past simple (-)
    This structure has TWO subjects - it expresses something that you wish another person would NOT do. - We'd prefer that you didn't call us after 10pm. -He'd prefer that I didn't snore so loudly.

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    Note: use of past simple
     The structures that use past simple can ALSO use the present tense. - I'd prefer you don't speak to Susan anymore. - I'd prefer you didn't speak to Susan anymore.