Scientific Method

eimearkelly3
Flashcards by , created over 6 years ago

Leaving Certificate Biology (The Scientific Method) Flashcards on Scientific Method, created by eimearkelly3 on 06/11/2013.

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eimearkelly3
Created by eimearkelly3 over 6 years ago
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Question Answer
Biology The study of living things
Organism A living thing
Steps of the scientific method 1. Observation 2. Hypothesis 3. Experimentation 4.Data 5. Conclusion 6. Theory 7.Principle
Limitations 1. Insufficient knowledge 2.Basis of investigation 3. Interpreting results 4. Changes in the natural world 5. Accidental discoveries 6. Ethical issues
Principles 1.Careful planning and design 2. Safety 3. Control 4. Fair
Fairness Random Selection Double-blind testing Sample Size Replicates
Alexander Fleming examtime_2.jpg (image/jpg)
Edward Jenner examtime_3.jpg (image/jpg)
Variable A factor that may change
Control Can be tested against the actual experiment. Differs by one variable to the test experiment.
Principle Arises from a theory that has withstood long vigorous testing.
Theory A hypothesis that has withstood all testing and has not yet proves itself to be untrue.
Hypothesis An educated guess based on an observation
Botany Plants
Zoology Animals
Microbiology Small living things
Taxonomy Classification
Anatomy Overall structure
Physiology Overall function
Cytology Cells
Biochemistry Chemical Reactions
Ecology Relationships between organisms and their environments
Genetics Inheritance
Bacteriology Bacteria
Mycology Fungi
Virology Viruses