Christianity I: Foundations - Themes 4-6

Flashcards by badern, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by badern over 6 years ago


Made for Rockhurst University course, Christianity I: Foundations.

Resource summary

Question Answer
orthodox "sound doctrine; right opinion"
kataphatic the use of concrete images to describe God (ex., God is like a rock)
apophatic clearing your mind of images and negating our frail human concepts (ex., god is not like a rock)
paradox composed of two seemingly irreconcilable points of view which are inexplicably interwoven to form a truth; a both/and statement
heresy an opinion that is not orthodox; "veer off course"
creed Latin for "I believe"; originally, public professions of faith made before baptism
Docetists Jesus was not really human, only appeared to have a body
Arianism Jesus was not truly divine because he was a created being
Elohim Hebrew term for God; masculine plural word
Eloah Hebrew term for God; feminine singular word
monotheism belief in one supreme God
essence (Greek) being (is-ness)
energies (Greek) doing (activeness )
aura energy field of a living being
essence (Latin) being
attributes (Latin) characteristics
omniscient "all-knowing"
omnipotent "all-powerful"
omnipresent "all-places"
Believers religious; believe there is a God
agnostics don't know if there is a God
atheists know there is not a God
YHWH Jewish name for God; "I am who I am"; a tetragrammaton
Adonai Jewish name for "Lord"
Origen and communications God employs languages (metaphors, analogies, etc.) that we can understand
ex nihilo "out of nothing"; refers to creation
pantheism "all is God"; everything is God
panentheism "all is in God"
Gregory of Nyssa had the idea of theistic evolution
theistic evolution God's creation changes; at one point, there was an explosion of light
triadic three
I am who am shows God as the subject, object, and reflexive consciousness
yod hand = power
Ruach spirit or breath
Ireaneus taught God as Word and Spirit
Evagrius and Augustine said "the God whom you know cannot be God"
ad intra in and of God's self; internal God
ad extra external God
monarchianism (adoptionism) God "adopted" Jesus as a special son; the spirit is the memory of Jesus
monarchianism (dynamic) God gave Jesus powers; Spirit is the dead Jesus
guntherism God evolves; God is not infinite, absolute, etc.
modalism only one God who can only be one person (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) at a time
tritheism three separate Gods co-operate in doing, each being equal in power; lacks a relationship between the three persons
begotten to Greeks, meant to bring forth; to Christians, meant the Son was always in the Father
ousia Greek for essence
heteroousian different essences
homoosian same essences
semi-Arians since there is a God Almighty, there may be demigods who are above time
subordinationism God is a chain of command; God Almighty at the top, Son in the middle, and Spirit at the bottom
triumvirate a government with three executives with one above the other two
distinct main emphasis on commonality, yet distinguishing characteristics
different emphasis on what is not the same
Cyril of Alexandria "God is a reciprocal irruption of love"
kolpos Greek for "womb"
circumincession (Latin approach) "circle without ceasing"; like modalism
circuminsession (Latin approach) "circle in session" (court); God is three judges around a circle table
perichoresis (Greek approach) "circle - choral dance"; three persons dancing and singing in harmony in a circle
trinity "three unity"
prosopon Greek for "person"; pros = toward sopon = eyes/face
hypostasis subsistence; manner of existence
filioque Greek for "and the Son"
ecclesiology study of the Church
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