Flashcards by Kristen_May, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Kristen_May over 6 years ago


This is to help you learn government.

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Question Answer
Why do we need government? 1. To establish and inforce rules for socioty 2. To ensure and retsrict freedom of individuals 3. To provide security of people and property
Democracy 1. Important elements 1. Everyone has to follow the rules 2. Everyone has equal rights
Democracy 2. Obsticles 1. People could disagree with the rules 2. They have the power to vote the prime minister out!
Authoritarian 1. People are expected to be obedient 2. They tend to care little of individual freedom 3. Sometimes known as totalitarian
Monarchy 1. A type of authoritarian government 2. Usually called 'absolute'
Dictatorship 1. Based on absolute control 2.Usually led by one man 3. Usually formed when an individual has over whelming support by the military
Oligarchy 1. Like a dictatorship 2. Led by a group of people, sometimes called a 'junta'
Monarchy (Democracy) 1. Can be an effective democracy, if power is limited by a constitution 2. Canada is currently constitutional monarchy
Direct Democracy 1. The voters, vote on every decision made by the government 2. Not practical in large populations 3. Usually seen when the government holds a referendum (Important issue)
Indirect Democracy 1. How most democratic socioties work 2. Voters, vote for a representitive 3. A law is made when enough representitives vote in favour
Queen 1. Canada's head of state 2. role and power are limited by the constitution 3. Currently is Queen Elizabeth
Governor General 1. Crowns representitive 2. Appointed for a 5 year term 3. Appointed by monarch on recommendation by prime minister 4. Performs Crown's job by giving royal assent and speech from the throne
Prime Minister 1. Leader of the Government and Nation 2. Leader of a political party 3. Gets job by being the leader of the political party that wins the most seats
Cabinet 1. Advisor to the Prime minister 2. Appointed by the prime minister 3. All are from the government party 4. Members are called ministers
House Of Commons 1. 308 seats 2. If a party wins 50% or more it is majority, less than 50% is minority 3. Is moderated by the speaker who is an MP elected by peers
The Senate 1. Appointed by the PM when seats open up 2. There are 105 seats and the number never changes 3. Ocasionally introduce legislation or sit in cabinet
How A Bill Becomes A Law From idea to Bill: The Prime Minister or Cabinet member come up with an idea that they would like to see become a law House Of Commons: The bill is taken to the house of commons and voted on Senate: This is where the bill is taken to the senate. He/she can either pass it or veto it. Royal Assent: The bill now becomes a law and is put into efect on a discussed date
Constitution A set of laws and or principals
Constituency a body of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body.
Riding In Canada, a riding is a place or geographical area that is represented in the House of Commons by a member of parliament
Opposition the principal political party opposed to the one in office.
Electorate all the people in a country or area who are entitled to vote in an election.
Backbenchers A backbencher is a Member of Parliament or a legislator who holds no governmental office
Vote of non-confidence When a political party wants to kick another party out of office because they feel that they cannot do the job correctly
Policy 1. An idea that the government has
Platform 1. An idea or ideas that a political party has to influence people to vote for them
Intrest groups and Lobbyists They form a group to try and persuade and influence decisions made by the government
Voters responsibilites 1. A voters responisblility is to know the platform of the party that they are voting for. They must also be aware of the other parties platforms and what they wish to do.
What influences Governments and Parties to make Policies and Platforms? By Civil servents, polls, special intrest groups, and international pressure
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