Concepts of Attachment

scarlettrosiex
Flashcards by scarlettrosiex, updated more than 1 year ago
scarlettrosiex
Created by scarlettrosiex about 5 years ago
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Description

The front of these cards show the definitions of terms in relation to attachment, while the back shows the case studies that support these concepts.

Resource summary

Question Answer
SUPPORTING Monotropy The idea that one relationship that the infant has with their primary attachment figure is of special significance in emotional development. Schaffer and Emerson Found most infants have many attachment figures, but maintained one primary object of attachment- usually the mother.
SUPPORTING Continuity hypothesis The idea that emotionally stable infants go on to be emotionally secure, trusting and socially confident adults The Minnesota Longitudinal Study (Sroufe et al) Follows participants from infancy to adolescence and found links between early attachment and later emotional behaviour. Those secure in infancy had the highest social competence.
SUPPORTING Sensitive period Biologically determined period of time during which the child is particularly sensitive to a specific form of stimulation, resulting in the development of a specific response or characteristic. Hodges and Tizard Found that children who had formed no attachments in the sensitive period had later difficulties with peers.
SUPPORTING Imprinting An innate readiness to develop a strong bond with a mother figure, which takes place during the sensitive period. Lorenz He separated a set of eggs into two so he raised some while the mother raised the rest. 'His' geese responded to him as their parent, and would follow him even in the presence of their actual mother.
SUPPORTING Social releasers A social behaviour or characteristic that elicits caregiving. e.g. crying, smiling. Baby face Hypothesis Certain features present in young humans/ animals act as a trigger for parenting behaviour and elicit our desire to look after and care for babies.
CONTRADICTING Monotropy (x2) The idea that one relationship that the infant has with their primary attachment figure is of special significance in emotional development. Rutter All attachments are equally important. Grossman and Grossman Fathers are important in social development.
SUPPORTING The Temperament Hypothesis The idea that certain personalities or temperamental characteristics of the infant shape a mothers responsiveness. Thomas and Chess Identified three basic infant personality types; easy, difficult, and slow to warm up, proving children are born with different innate temperamental differences.
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