Unit 3: Diversity

Gurleen Dhillon
Flashcards by Gurleen Dhillon, updated more than 1 year ago
Gurleen Dhillon
Created by Gurleen Dhillon over 6 years ago
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Grade 11

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Question Answer
Morphology deals with structure or form of organism
Biological Species Concept Can make babies
Phylogenetic Species Concepts evolutionary history of species
Taxonomy identifies names and classifies species
Binomial Structure system which gives 2 part Latin names
Anatomy structure and form, including internal systems
Physiology Physical and Chemical function of organisms
Prokaryote simple type of cell with no membrane bound nucleus
Eukaryote larger, complex cell that has a membrane bound nucleus
Dichotomous Key Identification tool consisting of two part choices
Autotroph captures energy from the sun
Hetertroph Cannot make its own food
Species Diversity variety and abundance of species
Genetic Diversity variety of inherited traits within a specie
Ecosystem Diversity variety of ecosystems in the biosphere
Resilience ability of an ecosystem to maintain an equilibrium
Bacteria prokaryotic cell that is in the domain bacteria
Archaea prokaryotic cell found in the domain Archaea
Cocci Morphology is spherical
Bacilli morphology rod shaped
Extermophiles organisms that live in extreme condition
Mesophile organisms that live in moderate conditions
Binary Fission asexual form of reproduction by prokaryotes
Conjugation transfer of genetic material between 2 cells
Endospores dormant bacterial cell able to survive for long periods of time
Gram Stain stain that separates bacteria into two divisions
Endosymbiosis Eukaryotic cells evolved from prokaryotic cells
Endosymbiont cell that is engulfed by another
Host cell cell that engulfs another cell
Protist eukaryotic organism, unicellular usually
Invertebrates no backbone
Vertebrate Backbone
Radial Symmetry divided along any plane
Bilaterl Symmetry divided along one plane
Exoskeleton external skeleton
Notochord flexible rod shaped structure
Tetrapods vertebrata with two pairs of limbs
Ectothermy environmental heat determine internal body temperature
Endothermy use of metabolic heat to maintain body temperature
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