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Theatre in Western Culture: The Greeks
Allison Walker
Flashcards by Allison Walker, updated more than 1 year ago
Allison Walker
Created by Allison Walker almost 3 years ago
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Question Answer
Methodological Individualism all social realities are the result of individual actions and interactions.
Functionalism The study of history based on a society's functions.
Social Structure any relatively stable pattern of social behavior
Primary Codes of Communication oral, written manuscripts, printed, electronic
Ritual Performance Abydos passion play
Abydos passion play slaying of Osiris and his followers by his brother Seth, the enactment of which apparently resulted in many real deaths. The ritual commemorates a big battle where the fifth son tries to rebel and gets sacrificed.
Commemorative drama Performance to honor or appease higher beings
Moira fate
Arete Honor and standing in a community
Dike Justice: the due share that each individual can claim and, more importantly, the principles and laws that guarantee that claim. (A system of justice)
Democracy Government by the people
Delian League Military alliance led by Athens
City Dionysia Ancient dramatic festival in which tragedy, comedy, and satyric drama originated; it was held in Athens in March in honour of Dionysus, the god of wine.
Theatron Dionysia The place where the City Dionysian plays were presented and seen.
tradgedy A human being facing the world.
Dithyramb a wild choral hymn of ancient Greece, especially one dedicated to Dionysus
Myth A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
Choregoi wealthy citizens who were "asked" to fund performances
Ekkyklema platform on wheels used to bring out characters from inside the building
Machina Crane for flying gods
Deux ex Machina an unexpected power or event saving a seemingly hopeless situation, especially as a contrived plot device in a play or novel.
Pinakes A kind of painted flat used for scenery
Periaktoi A three sided prism that could be turned to represent three different scenes.
Satyr Half man half goat
Chorus A group of characters in Greek tragedy (and in later forms of drama), who comment on the action of a play without participation in it.
Chiton A Greek tunic, the essential (and often only) garment of both men and women, the other being the himation, or mantle.
Aulos a double flute used for tragedies
Lenaia Another festival in honor of Dionysus, originally a festival closed to all but followers of the Dionysian cult but later opened to all; primarily associated with the development of comedy which was the major form of drama performed at this festival
Kothornos Large platform shoes worn by greek actors
Old Comedy Classical Greek comedy that pokes fun at social, political, or cultural conditions and at particular figures.
Prologue Proposing the Outrageous idea
Parados the entrance of the chorus
Agon debating the Outrageous Idea
Parabasis Chorus speaks directly to the audience on a topic thematically related to the Outrageous Idea.
Episodes Validating the Outrageous Idea (a series of revue-like sketches)
The Poetics The rules and principles of poetry developed by Aristotle.
Mimesis imitation, in the sense of making a representation, an image, or a model
Magnitude Greatness of size, strength, or importance/how an audience can relate to the play
Catharsis the purification or purgation of the emotions (especially pity and fear) primarily through art
Peripeteia a sudden reversal of fortune or change in circumstances, especially in reference to fictional narrative.
Hamartia a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine
Inciting Incident event that introduces the central conflict
Crisis The largest crisis point occurs in the middle of the play
Resolution is the point in which the plot ends. It does not necessarily end the play. Remember, it ends the conflict
Plot Sequence of events in a story that occurs onstage
Denouement the final part of a play, movie, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved.
Aeshylus Father of tragedy Used 2 actors plots focused on conflict specifically RIGHT v.s WRONG Athenian glory and military prowess (fought in the battle of Marathon). structure Gods onstage
Sophocles Greek writer of tragedies; developed modern day idea of a hero 3 actors being heroic wasn’t placed on wealth and power Being a hero was determined by how you responded to your fate and a person’s motivations over their actions never depicted the Gods onstage represented the Gods through messengers coming from Delphi or prophets like Teiresias.
Aeschylus’s Nature of Tragedy moves humanity toward a greater understanding and greater achievements (moves society and civilization forward).
Aeschylus’s Honor determined by greatness in battle.
Sophocles’s Nature of Tragedy depicted the suffering of an individual who, through heroic action, ennobles all humans and provides an ideal to which all humans can aspire to be.
Sophocles’s Honor determined by one’s service to the state and community. No longer determined by greatness in battle because during The Golden Age there were no wars.
Euripides "The first modernist" 2 actors focused on hypocrisy and dishonesty within Greek culture, especially within the Greek political structure. less metaphysical Greek myths as sources but made characters more relatable. A version where Electra married a farmer rather than living in a palace. Sometimes the Gods were depicted onstage.they represented the frailty of human morals.
Euripides’s Nature of Tragedy Humans are the cause of their own tragedies through greed for money and power.
Euripides’s Honor determined by being honest and noble (behavior and not by what people seem to be)
Aristophones only example of old comedy that has survived. His career corresponded with the Peloponnesian wars. only comedic playwright whose plays survived (all eleven)
Rabinal Achi a play of two Mayan tribes battling, capturing the leader of the other tribe.
Metaphysics How the world works
Homer A Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Thespus introduced the actor, "thespian"
Solon Early Greek leader who brought democratic reforms such as his formation of the Council of Four Hundred
Solon Laws First official form of Justice
Golden Age period of great cultural achievement due to lots of money.
Sophistry The idea that the person who makes the best argument is right.
Cleisthenes Created the three democratic systems (Ekklesia, Boule, and Dikasteria)
Boule council of 500 citizens chosen for 1 year terms
Dikasteria Pool of potential jurists
Pericles Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
Motto of Athens "All things in moderation."
Stasima choral odes
Stroph a mini debate among the chorus
Antistroph the opposing argument by the chorus to the stroph
Kommos sung solos
Procession Animalistic defile of rights
Theatron a seeing place
Oresteia Trilogy The only trilogy we have (written by Aeschylus): Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers, The Eumenides.
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