SOCIOLOGY - Social Inequality [key words]

fowlerr10
Flashcards by , created over 4 years ago

SOCIOLOGY Flashcards on SOCIOLOGY - Social Inequality [key words], created by fowlerr10 on 03/05/2015.

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fowlerr10
Created by fowlerr10 over 4 years ago
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Question Answer
Absolute poverty. A situation in which someone lacks the money to pay for the food, clothing and housing necessary to maintain a healthy way of life.
Achieved status. A social position which individuals are able to gain through, for example, hard work and/or educational qualifications.
Ageism. Being prejudiced against people because of their age.
Ascribed status. A position or social standing given to an individual on the basis of inherited characteristics.
Caste. A rigid system of stratification in which an individual cannot move from the caste into which they are born.
Cycle of deprivation. A social process which may lead the children of poor parents to suffer poverty when adults.
Embourgeoisement. The proposition that members of the working class develop middle-class attitudes and patters of behavior as they become more affluent.
Environmental poverty. Deprivation experienced in neighborhoods that are ugly, dirty, unsafe and which lack adequate services and amenities.
Gender discrimination. Treating people unfairly because of their gender.
Glass ceiling. The informal barrier that makes it difficult for women to achieve high-level positions at work.
Income. The money received by an individual in a period of time, for example, wages or interest on savings.
Institutional racism. Occurs when the everyday practices and procedures of an organisation for example the police, lead to discrimination against ethnic groups either intentionally or unintentionally.
Life chances. The changes that section of society have of achieving the things which are valued by their society.
Lifestyle. The way in which members of a group use their resources. Lifestyles will reflect the attitudes of priorities of the group.
Middle class. The section of society composed of people engaged in non-manual work and professional work.
Poverty trap. The particular difficulties that the poor may experience in, for example, finding a job that pays more than is received from benefits.
Proletarianisation. The proposition that many non-manual jobs in a modern economy put their workers in situations very similar to that of the manual factory worker.
Racial discrimination. Treating people unfairly because of their ethnicity.
Racism. Attitudes to and beliefs about race which usually involve negative stereotypes of another race and lead to discrimination against people of that race.
Relative deprivation. Felt when people compare their own situation to that of others whom they believe to be unfairly better off.
Relative poverty. A situation in which someone cannot afford to possess the kind of things and participate in the kind of activities considered by members of their society to be a normal part of life.
Sexism. Being prejudiced against people because of their gender.
Slavery. A form of stratification in which a section of the society has no rights. Individuals in this section of society are items of property which can be bought and sold.
Social exclusion. When people are unable, or feel unable to play a full part in society. This may be owing to the lack of material resources, discrimination by others or a sense that the rest of society neither wants or accepts them.
Subjective class. The class in which an individual places themselves.
Trade union. An organisation established by employees to protect their economic interests.
Underclass. The group of people at the very bottom of the social structure who either by their economic situation or culture, are cut off from the rest of society.
Wealth. The assets owned by an individual (e.g. house, savings, a business).
Working class. The section of society composed of people engaged in manual work.