Key Sociologists - Family and Households

Aleena Hasan
Flashcards by Aleena Hasan, updated more than 1 year ago
Aleena Hasan
Created by Aleena Hasan about 6 years ago


Marxist, Feminist and Functionalist sociologists on the family

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Question Answer
Talcott Parsons (1955) Functionalist. Functions of the family; - Socialisation of children into the culture of the society - Stabilisation of adult personalities Differentiation in family roles according to biology - the instrumental and expressive roles
Murdock (1949) Functionalist. Functions of the family; - Sexual - Reproduction - Socialisation - Economic
Fletcher (1966) Functionalist. Disagree with the view that the family had lost its functions, but become morre concentrated on 'essential' needs - emotional and sexual. Had a more universal view on family.
Zimmerman (1988) Functionalist. Functions of the family; - Physical maintenance and care of group memebers - Addition of new members through procreation or adoption - Socialisation of children - Maintenance of motivation through love
Ann Oakley (2005) Feminist. Family does not benefit women; - The triple shift - Domestic abuse - Against the expressive and instrumental roles
Ortner (1974) Feminist. Connection of women to nature and men to culture, to enforce the patriarchy
Margaret Benston (1972) Marxist Feminist. The wife attends to the needs of the husband to keeps hum in good order to perform his role as a wage labourer
Valerie Bryson (1992) Radical Feminist. 'A theory of, by and for women', rather than adapted from Marxist views. Sees oppression of women as the most fundamental and universal form of domination - society is patriarchal rather than capitalist
Delphy and Leonard (1992) Radical Feminist. Attatch importance to material factors in causing women's oppression (similar to Marxist Feminists); - See the family as and economic system - Domestic labour - Supporting husbands - Consumption - they get less out of it
Engels (1902) Marxist. The evolution of the family into monogamous nuclear family developed with capitalism and emergence of private property.
Zaretsky (1976) Marxist. The family is a major prop to the capitalist economy, based on domestic labour of wives and reproduction of next generation of workers. Family consumes products of capitalism, allowing bourgeoisie to continue producing surplus value.
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