Counseling Theory - Chapter 9

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Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches

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Question Answer
Systematic desensitization, a form of __________, is a technique frequently used with anxieties and phobias in which a client begins with a low intensity image and increasingly works toward direct contact with the stressful stimulus. Classical conditioning
Unlike cognitive-behavioral theory, where how a person thinks about something is directly related to the cause of psychological problems, Glasser posits that the _________ people make determine the quality of their lives. Choices
Reality theory behavioral analysis involves the __________ system. WDEP
When using the DEF intervention of Ellis' A-B-C theory, cognitive-behavioral counselors specifically target __________ beliefs, which tend to be more emotionally charged and cause more problems for clients. "hot"
How is empathy used in cognitive-behavioral counseling? To create rapport with clients so the counselor can intervene to change the client's behaviors, thoughts and emotions.
According to Beck, depressed thinking is characterized by thoughts such as: "I'm worthless;" "life is unfair;" and "things will never get better." These thoughts are referred to as what? Negative Cognitive Triad
According to a cognitive-behavioral counselor, what fuels feelings such as depression or anxiety? Beliefs
When a cognitive-behavioral counselor asks a client to log the frequency, duration, and severity of specific symptoms, the counselor is looking for what? Baseline functioning
In cognitive behavioral-counseling, the clients' beliefs can be slowly eroded over time by the therapist inviting the client to question and re-question the validity of their beliefs in various situations. This process is known as what? Socratic method
Considered the third wave of behavioral approaches, Mindfulness practices emphasize what to promote change? Observation of the mind and acceptance of thoughts and feelings
he foundation for dysfunctional thinking, __________ are the root of psychopathology according to Beck. Dysfunctional schemas
Unlike psychodynamic or humanistic goals that target personality change, cognitive behavioral counseling is focused on individuals becoming: Independent problem solvers
Each of the following statements: "I can develop a plan to do deal with the stress" and "One step at a time; I can handle this," is an example of what? Positive self talk
Stress inoculation training helps clients to change their __________ and increase coping skills. Negative self talk
It can be said that the overarching goal of cognitive-behavioral counseling is what? Symptom management
Do cognitive-behavioral counselors organize treatment using DSM diagnosis? Yes.
What is TRUE regarding the essence of all cognitive approaches? Our thoughts about a situation-not the situation itself-are the source of emotional and behavioral problems
Schemas, according to Beck, are what? Cognitive frameworks in the mind, organizing and shaping thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
Behavioral, cognitive, and cognitive-behavioral approaches are a group of related counseling methods that emphasize achieving changes in behaviors, cognition, and __________. Affect
Each of the following: selective abstraction, overgeneralization, and dichotomous thinking, are examples of what in cognitive-behavioral counseling? Cognitive distortions
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