Flashcards by cosmillojoe, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by cosmillojoe almost 6 years ago


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Resource summary

Question Answer
Amendment an addition or change to a document
Assimilate to get information and to understand it
Bias being in favor of something
Bicameral having two branches in legislation
blockade to prevent people or goods from coming in or going out
boomtown a town that grows quickly because of sudden prosperity
capitalism a political system that has privately owned businesses and competition between the different organizations
Captain of Industry a business leader who works his or her way to the top
Checks and Balances limits given to the businesses from the government to avoid the acts that aren't necessary for themselves
Congress the legislation of a country
Due process of law the same fair treatment is given to everyone through the judicial system
economics dealing with making and selling goods in a country or region
emancipated to free from bondage (liberated)
enfranchise to give the right to vote
enumerated to mention something one by one
Federalism a system in the government where the power is divided among the national and state government
Forty-niners a person who went to California during the gold rush in 1849
Free Enterprise a system that the private businesses are in competition and mainly free of state control
Habeas Corpus a law that requires any person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court
Industry the process of raw materials and manufacture goods in a factory
Judicial to a court or a judge
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) a secret society organized after the civil war to maintain white supremacy in the south by means of terrorism
Manifest Destiny the expansion of the United States through the American contients
Martyr a person who dies because of their religious or other beliefs
Monopoly when a business is so in control that it makes it possible to manipulate prices
Nomadic roaming around from place to place
Override to use one's authority to reject or cancel something
Popular Sovereignty the citizens are the source of power for the government
Ratify To give concsent to something; to approve
Radical Considered to have an extreme view on something
Republicanism The people elect their political representatives
Robber Baron Cruel and ruthless business men who would stop at nothing to reach the top and gain wealth
Rural More of a country place rather than in the town
Separation of Powers Each branch has it's own job and responsibility to do
Social Darwinism The most successful, strong and powerful people over power the more weak people
Suffrage The right to vote
Supreme Court The highest judicial court
Tariff A tax that needs to be paid on imports and exports
Taxation Without Representation When American colonists were taxed by the British without reasoning
Trade Union An organized association of workers often in a trade or profession formed to protect their rights and interests
Urban Referring to more of a city like or downtown place
Veto to reject or say no to
Thomas Jefferson He was the 3rd president, wrote the declaration of independence, thought all men were created equal
Andrew Jackson The first common man president, 7th president, led a victory against the british at the battle of New Orleans in 1815
Sacagawea Guide for Lewis and Clark expedition and showed them the beauty along the way
James K. Polk Known as Mr. Manifest Destiny, 11th president from 1845-1849, started out in congress and was also the governor of Tennessee
Frederick Douglass A slave that had a father who was the slave holder and a mother who was a slave, he moves to many houses and learns how to write, wrote the "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass", becomes a well known abolitionist
Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin, famous abolitionist, experienced a slave auction that inspired her writing
John Brown Anti-Slavery, attempted to attack Harper Ferry during Bleeding Kansas but failed, seen as a hero in northern eyes
Robert E. Lee Major confederate general in the civil war, battled general Ulysses S. Grant in a few battles
Andrew Johnson 17th president, Lincoln's vice president until he got assassinated and then became president, known as the veto president, did a bad job starting off reconstruction after the civil war
Susan B. Anthony President of the National American Women Suffrage Association, helped push for the 19th amendment to be added
Sitting Bull Native American chief for the Sioux tribes, led battles to victories against American troops, eventually surrendered to U.S. and was forced on a reservation
George Custer U.S. officer who served in the American Civil War, led at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, the battle known as "Custers Last Stand" was a part of a war against plain indians
Cornelius Vanderbilt shipping and railroad man made multi-millionaire, in the process of the Commodore he became ruthless like a Robber Baron, worth more than $100 million.
John Rockefeller Founder of Standard Oil Company, controlled 90% of America's pipeline, raised prices to form a monopoly, donated more than $500 million to charities
Andrew Carnegie made a fortune in the steel industry, he sold the Carnegie Steel Company to banker John Pierpont Morgan for $480 million, donated more than $350 million to charities
Jamestown a group of about 100 people colonized here, the first English settlement
Plymouth the mayflower anchored here in late December, first settlement of the Europeans
Lexington and Concord where the first battle was fought that started the Revolutionary war, in Concord Paul Revere warned them that the British were coming, in Lexington they started fighting but the British left running
Erie Canal to make transportation in early day America easier, they linked together the Hudson river and Lake Erie
The Alamo during Texas's fight for independence, General Santa Anna ordered Mexican troops to take over the fort, the 200 volunteers however won and protected the fort
Harper's Ferry during Bleeding Kansas this is where John Brown planned to raid to take over their weapons and win for the anti-slavery
Fort Sumter where the first shots were fired in the civil war that ended in a confederate victory
Gettysburg the biggest battle in the civil war that ended in a Union victory
Appomattox Courthouse where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant, considered to be the end of the civil war
Ford's Theatre Where John Wilkes Booth assassinated president Abraham Lincoln
Promontory Point, Utah where the east and the west sides of the transcontinental railroaded connected and made the United States whole
Ellis Island and Angel Island In 1905, construction of an Immigration Station began, also known as China Cove
Declaration of Independence signed on the 4th of July, contains the goals of our nations and to be freed from the British king
Revolutionary War a war for Americas Independence and for the men to protect their individual rights
Articles of Confederation the first constitution that was changed because it didn't contain the necessary needs/limits for the government and people
Great Compromise it allowed two branches in the government, one for size of population and the other based on eqality
Passing of the Constitution at the constitutional convention mostly leaded by George Washington, started as the Articles of Confederation
Adding the Bill of Rights these protected the rights of the people rather than the power of the government
Louisiana Purchase Thomas Jefferson bought land from France because they were in debt from war, biggest land purchase, 4 cents per acre
Missouri Compromise this compromise added Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state
Indian Removal Act signed by Andrew Jackson, made Indians move off of their land to unwanted land, many walked the Trail of Tears that ended in many deaths
Mexican-American War caused by the disagreement of the Texas border after it came into the United States, ended with the treaty of Guadalupe Hildalgo
California Gold Rush people who went here were known as forty-niners, thousands of miners came here and it is one of the major events that helped shape America
Homestead Act opened settlement in the West for any American or freed slave, gave 160 acres of free federal land
Industrial Revolution when American went from rural to urban, many inventions occurred during this time period
Underground Railroad a secret way slaves would escape and go north, they would leave clues and things to help them on their jouney
Seneca Falls Convention The women's rights movement began with a meeting here, got the 19th amendment passed
Compromise of 1850 consisted of laws admitting California as a free state, creating Utah and New Mexico territories with the question of slavery in each to be determined by popular sovereignty, settling a Texas-New Mexico boundary, ending the slave trade in Washington, D.C., and making it easier for southerners to recover fugitive slaves.
Kansas Nebraska Act allowed the people in Kansas and Nebraska to decide if they would allow slavery within their borders
Dred Scott v. Stanford ruled that blacks, even if they are free, are not American citizens and therefor can not sue in federal court
Fugitive Slave Act allowed people to capture and return any runaway slaves in the United States, if you didn't you would be punished and same for the slave
Bleeding Kansas the period of time that involved violence during the settlement of Kansas, violence occurred between pro-slavery and anti-slavery
Civil War the southern states seceded from the United States and resulted into a war that was won by the north that brought America back together
Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln said that all slaves are free and forever free and outlawed slavery
Civil War drat riots a law was made that said that all men between the age 20 and 45 were liable to the army, many fights and violence occurred in the disagreement to this
Gettysburg Address a speech given to by Abraham Lincoln that encouraged the North to keep on fighting and to win the war so that the fallen soldiers wouldn't die in vein
Reconstruction the time period after the civil war that had to bring the north and the south back together with minimal violence
Civil War Amendments (13,14,15) abolished and outlawed slavery, anyone born in the United States are citizens including African Americans, gave African American men the right to vote
Completion of Transcontinental Railroad Promontory Point, Utah, connected the west and east side of the transcontinental railroad and brought America together
Indian Wars Native Americans and Europeans came to settle, both thought they were the more superior/important one, ended in violence and wars
Gilded Age after the civil war there was an economic boom, many different businesses grew larger, American economy doubled in size
Populist Party a political organization in 1892 to represent the common person, against railroads, bankers and supported mostly farmers
Plessy v. Ferguson came from an incident when an African American refused to sit in a Jim Crow car, law that implies a legal distinction
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