year end final review

Flashcards by alyssacosmillo, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by alyssacosmillo almost 6 years ago


Social Studies Flashcards 7th hour

Resource summary

Question Answer
Amendment A change added to a document
Assimilate to adapt to a new culture
Bias to be on a side with unfair reasoning or support
Bicameral the two houses in government
Blockade to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving a place
Boomtown a town going through big amounts of growth due to finance
Capitalism an economic and political system in which the country is controlled by private owners for money and competition
Captain of Industry A business leader that makes his money in a positive way to a country
Checks and Balances Each branch of government holds some control over the other two branches
Congress the legislative body of a country
Due process of law fair treatment in court when on trial
Economics knowledge focused on the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth
Emancipated To free from bondage
Enfranchise to give someone the right to vote
Enumerated not listed, usually talking about the constitution
Federalism In this government system, power is divided between Federal or National, and State governments
Forty-niners someone looking for mineral deposits in the California Gold Rush of 1849
Free Enterprise an economic system in which private business operates in competition and largely free of state control
Habeas Corpus the right for someone to go to court and be seen before a judge after being arrested or charged
Industry economic activity dealing with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories
Judicial interpret the laws
Ku Klux Klan A secret society organized in the South after the Civil War to reassert white supremacy by means of terrorism
Manifest Destiny The belief that the US should expand its territory from coast to coast BIFFISI
Martyr a person who is killed because of their religious beliefs
Monopoly When one company takes control of another company
Nomadic involves moving around a lot
Override When a political party pushes over a president's veto of a bill
Popular Sovereignty People are the source of the government's power
Ratify To approve
Radical upload definition
Republicanism People elect their political representatives
Robber Baron Cruel and ruthless businessmen who would stop at nothing to achieve great wealth, accused of exploiting workers and being unfair to the laborer
Rural countryside rather than the town
Separation of Powers Each of the three branches of government has its own responsibilities
Social Darwinism the theory that people, groups are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection and survival of the fittest
Suffrage the right to vote in political elections
Supreme Court the highest judicial court in a country or state
Tariff a tax or duty to be paid
Taxation without representation upload definition
Trade Union a group typically made of workers that is formed to protect and further their rights and interests
Urban town or city
Veto rejecting a decision or proposal made by a law-making body
Thomas Jefferson 3rd president that signed the Louisiana Purchase and doubled the size of our country
Andrew Jackson 7th president who signed the Indian Removal Act
Frederick Douglass A runaway slave who was most famous for his autobiography "The Narrative of Frederick Douglass"
Harriet Beecher Stowe Famous abolitionist, most known for her antislavery novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Robert E. Lee Famous general for the South during the Civil War
Andrew Johnson 17th president who was from the South, Vice president for Abe Lincoln and didn't support black equality
Sitting Bull Famous Native American that stood up against Americans, chief of the Sioux, forced to settle on a reservation after the battle of Little Big Horn
George Custer Served in the Civil War and became a general, killed at battle of Little Big Horn
Cornelius Vanderbilt Very successful rich business man that helped build modern America by building and buying steam ships
John Rockefeller Very successful rich business man that helped build modern America by owning and working with every mode of transportation
Andrew Carnegie Very successful rich business man that helped build modern America by producing steel and owning steel factories
Sacagawea Traveled with Lewis and Clark on the Corps of Discovery Expedition
James K. Polk 11th president of the US and helped America extend across the continent for the first time, led the Mexican American War and secured the Oregon Territory
Harper's Ferry Harper's Ferry Raid which was led by John Brown in West Virginia on October 16, 1859
Fort Sumter The location of where the first shots were fired during the beginning of the Civil War
Gettysburg Pennsylvania, where one of the major battles was fought during the Civil War, and where Abe Lincoln gave a speech to get the Union's morale back
Appomattox Courthouse General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865 bringing the Civil War to an end
Ford's Theatre Abe Lincoln is assassinated here on April 15, 1865 while watching a play called "Our American Cousin"
Populist Party A political party organized in 1892 to represent the common folk- especially farmers, they were against railroads, bankers, corporations, and more
Civil War One of the biggest and bloodiest wars in American history that was on April 12, 1861- April 9, 1865 that was made to establish independence between the North or the South
Emancipation Proclamation Signed by Abraham Lincoln that freed all of the slaves in Southern states
Gilded Age A superficial period of intense economic growth
Civil War Amendments 13- Abolished slavery 14- Granted citizenship to all African American slaves 15- Gave black men the right to vote
Reconstruction The time period following the Civil War in which Congress passed laws designed to rebuild the country and bring the Southern states back into the Union
Gettysburg Address Speech given by Abe Lincoln that was about 2 mins with the purpose of getting the Union's morale back after 2 loses in the Civil War
Louisiana Purchase A land purchase between the US and the French in 1803 of 828,000 square miles called the Louisiana Territory , made up 17 states and was 15 million dollars and bought by Thomas Jefferson
Indian Removal Acts Andrew Jackson as president forces Indian tribes to move West: Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Seminole, and Creek
Mexican-American War 1846 Mexico went to war with the US and the US won after both countries signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and we earned the states of Colorado, Nevada, Arizona and Utah
Homestead Act Andrew Carnegie's steel workers are going on strike because of unfair working conditions while helper Henry Frick is in charge for Carnegie, 9 workers are killed in result
Jamestown America's first English colony, located in Virginia that sparked a series of cultural encounters that helped shape the nation and the world
Plymouth located in Pennsylvania, Pilgrims sailed on the Mayflower and the first colonial settlement took place
Lexington and Concord First Revolutionary Battle when British troops were sent to to confiscate colonial weapons, but a surprise military attack gains control and gets the Union ready for the next upcoming war
Erie Canal after more than 2 years of digging, the 425 mile canal was opened on October 26, 1825 by Governor Clinton
The Alamo Santa Anna's army showed up at Texas and took the citizens by surprise, the defenders held out for 13 days against Santa Anna's army
Promontory Point, Utah The Union and Central Pacific railroads joined their rails here and forged the destiny of a nation
Ellis Island and Angel Island these 2 locations served as immigration stations during the peak of immigration in the 1800s
Declaration of Independence our nation's most cherished symbol of liberty and freedom that was signed by Thomas Jefferson on July 4, 1776
Revolutionary War Fought from 1775-1783 and was also known as the American War of Independence, fought between Great Britain's 13 colonies and our country
Articles of Confederation AKA a dog with no teeth, attempt at making the constitution but failed
Great Compromise Tried to figure out how each state could be represented in Congress and came to a conclusion of each state having 2 representatives in Congress
Passing of the Constitution it was passed on September 17, 1787 and was adopted by the convention of states
Adding the Bill of Rights they were added to the constitution as the first ten amendments on December 15, 1791
Missouri Compromise Maine would separate from Massachusetts and become a free state, Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state, and remaining 36-30 parallel would be closed off to slavery
California Gold Rush began on January 24, 1848 when gold was founded by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill, California, this brought 300,000 people to California for the gold
Industrial Revolution transition from man made products to factories producing our goods starting in 1790
Underground Railroad a secret hide away place for run away slaves to help them gain shelter, food, water, etc. One leader was Harriet Tubman
Seneca Falls Convention Lead by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, this convention pushed the issue of gaining women's rights, and was held July 19-20, 1848
Compromise of 1850 California tried to enter as a free state, Henry Clay let California enter as a free state, remainder of Mexico would determine slave states by "popular sovereignty" , Fugitive Slave Act, and you could have slaves but weren't allowed to trade them
Kansas-Nebraska Act Overrode the MO compromise, allowed slavery to spread by popular sovereignty, violent events happened between pro and anti slavery groups, and leads to Bleeding Kansas
Dred Scott v. Sanford Dred Scott (slave) was moved with his owner to a free state, he went to court to object his owner from forcing him to work because they were in a free state, in a ruling of 7-2 Dred Scott won this case
Fugitive Slave Act If slaves tried to run away to the North they were forced to be returned to the South and allowed local governments to seize and return escaped slaves back to the South
Bleeding Kansas series of violent political fights involving anti-slavery "Free-Staters" and pro-slavery "Border Ruffians" that took place in Kansas territory and some surrounding states
Civil War Draft Riots violent disturbances in New York that were working class discontent with new laws passed by Congress that year to draft men to fight in the ongoing Civil War
Completion of Transcontinental Railroad this was a system of railroads that allowed continents to use them for trade, travel, and more
Indian Wars multiple conflicts between Native Americans and Americans when we were trying to get them to assimilate to our country's culture. Sitting Bull, Red Cloud, Chief Joseph, Geronimo, and Crazy Horse
Plessy v. Ferguson a landmark United States supreme court decision upholding the constitutionally of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the document of "separate but equal"
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