Renaissance Terminology Test

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Flashcards by sporter, updated more than 1 year ago
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Music Test - Year 9 - Renaissance Test

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Question Answer
Ars Nova A term used by musicologists to describe the profound stylistic changes of Italian and French music in the 14th century
Verse Anthem Sacred choral work set to a text in English, German or other language (non-Latin) featuring a choir and a soloist, often accompanied by organ or other instruments. The texture may be polyphonic, homophonic or a blend of both textures.
Ayre A homophonic textured song featuring solo voice with lute accompaniment; the subject matter is often about love. This is the precursor to the modern ballad.
A capella In the chapel style – unaccompanied by instruments
Polyphonic/Polyphony Performance of two or more independent melodic lines of relatively equal interest at the same time.
Mass Sacred choral composition made up of five sections (please list here) King (Kyrie) George (Gloria) Cried (Credo) Silently (Sanctus) And Died (Agnus Dei)
Organum Medieval polyphony that consists of Gregorian chant with an additional part(s) sung a 5th above or a 4th below
The Renaissance Term used to describe the 15th and 16thcenturies in Europe, a period of geographic exploration and adventure as well as intellectual curiosity and individualism
Madrigal Composition for several voices set to a short secular poem, usually about love, combining homophonic and polyphonic textures and often using word painting.
Full Anthem Sacred choral work set to a text in English, German or other language (non-Latin) featuring an a capella choir. The texture may be polyphonic, homophonic or a blend of both textures.
Motet Polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than that of the mass; one of the two main forms of sacred Catholic Renaissance music
Service The name given to the sacred ritual of the Protestant, especially Anglican church.
Cantus firmus Fixed melody – often a Gregorian chant, used as the basis of a sacred vocal polyphonic composition.
Homophonic/Homophony Term describing music in which one main melody is accompanied by chords.
Ballett Secular composition for several voices intended to accompany dancing; it includes nonsense lyrics such as ‘fa-la-la’ and is usually about love, combining homophonic and polyphonic textures and often using word painting.
Modes Scales containing 7 tones with an 8th tone duplicating the first an octave higher, but with patterns of whole and half steps (tones and semitones) different from major and minor scales; used in medieval, Renaissance, folk music and twentieth-century music.
Gregorian chant (also known as Plainchant) A collection of monophonic melodies set to sacred Latin texts, sung without accompaniment. The official music of the Catholic church.
Word painting Musical representation of specific poetic images – for example, a descending melodic line to accompany the word descending - often found in Renaissance and Baroque music.
Melisma Singing many notes to one syllable
Syllabic Singing one notes to one syllable
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