English Terminology

Flashcards by 46321, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by 46321 over 7 years ago


Language words you use in English e.g Metaphor, Jargon etc

Resource summary

Question Answer
Simile A comparison between 2 unlike things using "like" or "as"
Metaphor A comparison between 2 unlike things where one is said to be the other. "He looked at us with cunning reptile eyes"
Personification A comparison where an animal or object is given human qualities. "The trees scraped and nudged each other"
Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words in a line. "A big black bug bit a big blue bear"
Onomatopoeia Words which sound like the noise they describe. e.g Wisper, Click, Bang, Quack.
Rhyme Similar end sounds to words e.g. red, fled, head
End Rhymes Occur at the end of a line
End-Rhymes Occur at the end of a line
Internal Rhymes Occur within a line of a verse
Rhythm The pace at which a poem moves. The pattern of beats in the lines.
Narrative Verse Poetry that tells a story
Sonnet A 14 lined poem of fixed form
Lyric A short poem in which the poet expresses personal feelings.
Setting The time, place and society in which events of the novel take place
Theme Main idea
Plot The sequence of events of the story line
Characters The fictional people in a play or narrative work (novel, short story,poem)
Point of view How the author chooses to present the story to the reader.
First point of view Narrator telling or writting story in the first person using "I" and "We"
First point of view Narrator telling or writting story in the first person using "I" and "We"
Third person point of view The narrator uses "He", "She" or "it".
Second person point of view Narrator uses "You"
Formal Language Situations where slang or colloquial terms would be inappropriate. Full sentences are used.
Informal Language Casual situations where more relaxed language is used. (Colloquial-Slang)
Cliches Overworked expressions
Jargon Confusing language or technical language relating to a profession or sport.
Hyperbole Exaggeration for effect "I had a bus load of homework."
Imperative Command "Do this" "Sit down!" Creates urgancy and authority.
Understatement Fact or opinion Makes the writting seem more true and you get what people are thinking.
Oxymoron When opposites are next to each other e.g. blackwhite cat
Antithesis When opposites are separated by words in one sentence e.g. There was a black house and there was also a white house.
Repetition Words or phrases repetited several times to create an effect or to emphasise a message.
Triplets Words in a group of three Makes the writting easier to remeber
Superlative When you are comparing two or more things. E.g. Biggest, Tallest
Comparative When you are comparing two or more things. E.g. Bigger, Taller
Personal Pronouns Gives the writting a personal touch. "I, you, he, she, it, me, they, we"
Cut The immediate change from one shot to another
Mid shot Shot shows the subject in relation to some immediate surroundings. Usually from the waist up.
Zoom in/out Through a lens function, the shot closes in or moves out from the subject.
Low angle shot Camera looks up at a subject
Close up Shot taken close to a subject and revealing details. Fills in whole frame.
Sequence The placing of shots in certain order to make up a sequence or part of a film story.
Dissolve One shot fades or blurs out, while another shot is superimposed and gradually comes into focus.
Fade out A shot that slowly blacks out
Track Camera moves besides, towards or away from subject.
Fade in A shot that starts as a black cut and slowly becomes defined.
Scene A group of sequences which show an event in the story
Tilt The pivoting of the camera up or down. The camera stays in one place.
Long shot Shows subject at a distance. Often uses as an establishing shot at the begining of a scene.
Extreme Close Up This will show only part of persons face.
Point of view shot Here the camera shows what the character sees.
High angle shot Camera looks down on a subject
Pan The pivoting of the camera left or right. The camera stays in one place.
Flat/Neutral angle shot Camera is on the same level as the subject.
Oral Bridge Music is preparing you for the next scene.
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