American West timeline

thomasm
Flashcards by thomasm, updated more than 1 year ago
thomasm
Created by thomasm about 6 years ago
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Description

A timeline of all the major events during the years 1845-90 during the development of the American West.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Early 1800s Mountain Men trapping beavers
1820 Texas Rangers set up to uphold the law
1825 Initial development of Indian reservations
1830 Church of the Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints (the Mormons) founded
1840 Estimated 13 million buffalo on the Plains
1840s First pioneers went West
1844 Joseph Smith is killed in a jail in Nauvoo
1846 The Mormons leave Nauvoo
1847 Mormons arrive at the GSL and build SLC
1848 Gold discovered in California
1849 The first miners arrive in California - the '49ers
1850 Pinkerton Detective Agency set up to prevent stagecoach robberies
1851 The Fort Laramie Treaty signed
1860s Homesteaders begin settling on the Plains
1861-62 Little Crow's War
1862 Homestead Act
1862-64 American Civil War
1862-69 Railroad constructed
1864 Sand Creek massacre
1865-68 Red Cloud's War
1866 Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving establish the Goodnight-Loving trail
1867 Joseph McCoy creates cowtown of Abilene
1868 The Second Fort Laramie Treaty signed
1870s Hunters begin killing buffalo / Ranchers begin to move cattle onto Plains
1873 Timber and Culture Act
1874 Barbed ware invented
1876-77 Great Sioux War
1876 Battle of Little Bighorn / US adopts Total Warfare against Indians after defeat
1883 Bad drought killed many cattle
1885 Just 200 buffalo left
1886-87 Bad winter killed thousands of buffalo
1889 Wovoka starts the Ghost Dance movement
1890 Massacre at Wounded Knee
1892 Johnson County War
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