Exam I Review

ekwalters
Flashcards by ekwalters, updated more than 1 year ago
ekwalters
Created by ekwalters over 4 years ago
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10 World history Flashcards on Exam I Review, created by ekwalters on 01/08/2016.
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Clovis I Merovingian King Louis, major Germanic Catholic king
Charles Martel defeated Muslim invasion in Tours
noble territorial princes, lords great estates
vassal military retainers between nobles and peasants knights owning a fief=being a vassal
fief an estate held on conditional terms swear loyalty to lord
feudalism relationship of landholding to service
chivalry knights code of conduct
troubadours sang about brave knights and devotion to love
sacraments sacred rites of the church
papal supremacy authority over all secular rulers including kings and emperors
canon law church's own body of laws
interdict an order excluding an entire town, region, or kingdom from receiving most sacraments and christian burials
William the Conqueror Doomsday Book first census
Henry II accepted customs=law early jury
common law a legal system based on customs and court rulings
John I cruel signed Magna Carta
Magna Carta limited kings power nobles had certain powers monarch must obey law
Great Council/ Parliament House of Lords and House of Commons Unified England limited monarchs power
Hugh Capet made throne hereditary
Philip Augustus quadrupled royal landholdings paid middle class officials to fill government positions
Otto I first crowned emperor
lay investiture emperor/lay person appointed bishops
Concordat of Worms church could invest bishops with spiritual power emperor invested them with fiefs
Frederick Barbarossa "Red Beard" fought for Italy Son henry married heiress to sicily and southern italy, increasing his empire
crusades christians v muslims over control of holy land #1= most successful #4= christians attack themselves in constaninople
Holy land Jerusalem and other places in palestine where christians believed jesus lived and preached
Pope Urban II helped alexius I fight muslim turks incited bishops and nobles to action
Marco Polo venitian went to china and brought back stories
Reconquista reconquest Christians driving muslims out of spain
Ferdinand and Isabella spanish monarchs armada spanish inquisition
scholasticism using reason to support christian beliefs
Thomas Aquinas Summa Theologica faith and reason in harmony
Vernacular everyday language of ordinary people
Dante Alighieri divine comedy hell, purgatory and heaven summarizes christian beliefs
Geoffrey Chaucer Canterbury Tales described medieval characters
Gothic style tall, thin, bright, gargoyles, vaulted ceilings, stained glass, flying buttresses
flying buttresses stone supports that stood outside the church
illumination Gothic style applied to artistic decoration of books
Black death bubonic plague
epidemic outbreak of rapid spreading disease
inflation rising prices
schism split in the church
longbow helped english win early fights
Joan of arc 17 yr old girl led french to victory
Genghis Khan united warring mongol clans
kublai khan Yuan empire conquered song emperor
Zheng he admiral and diplomat sea trade
Tang taizong helped establish tang dynasty
tributary states self governing states whose rulers acknowledge the supremacy of another and send them tribute
land reform breaking up large agricultural landholdings and redistribute it to peasants strengthen central gov by weakening large landholders increase gov revenues
dowry payment a woman brings to a marriage
steppe open treeless grassland nomadic highway
Cyrillic adapted greek alphabet translate into slavic
Golden Horde mongol invaders
Ivan the great reunited russia limited nobles absolute power
Ivan the terrible tsar centralized royal power defeated Golden horde
Constantinople capital of byzantine empire linked europe and asia trading
Justinian Justinians code rebuilt constantinople
Justinian's code all laws of ancient rome collected, revised, and organized
Theodora came from nothing Justinians wife improved womens rights
Hagia Sophia rebuilt by justinian reflects islam and christianity
icons holy images contributed to catholic/byzantine split set off battles
Great schism roman catholic and eastern orthodox splitting
uji clans
yamato clan first/only dynasty direct descent from sun goddess amaterasu
shinto way of kami- superior powers that were natural/divine shrines
selective borrowing keeping some traditions and getting rid of or modifying others
The Tale of Genji worlds first full length novel Murasaki Shikibu
samurai heavily armed and trained bushido-chivalry
zen buddhist sect from china
social mobility the ability to move up in a social class
The Thousand and One Nights collection of stories narrated by fictional princess
Ibn Rushd/Averroës put all knowledge except quran to reason
Muhammad as-razi treated mind and body
Delhi start of muslim rule in india
Babur military leader
Akbar strong central gov toleration ended tax on non-muslims
Taj Mahal tomb
ottomans turkish speaking nomadic people
Suleiman "the Magnificent" absolute power extended ottoman rule
janizaries elite force of ottoman army
humanism studied classical culture of greece and rome
Medici family of florence patrons of the arts controlled florence
perspective made paintings more realistic
the prince guide on how to gain and maintain power
Johann Gutenberg invented printing press with movable type
flanders renaissance spread from here
jan van eyck painted townspeople and religious scenes
albrecht dürer engraver spread renaissance to the north
desiderius erasmus humanist dutch priest bible in vernacular spread renaissance humanism
sir thomas more social reformist utopia
utopian any ideal society impractical
françois rebelais monk physician greek scholar humanist
indulgences lessened time a person spent in purgatory
martin luther lutheran church 95 theses
wittenberg where 95 theses were put up
charles V holy roman emperor told luther to give up his ideas
diet at worms assembly of german princes
peace of augsburg up to prince of area to decide the religion
john calvin swiss reformer calvinism predestination
predestination god predetermines who is being saved
theocracy government run by church leaders
afonso de albuquerque burned muslim outposts massacred muslims
outposts distant areas under someones control
dutch east india company full sovereign powers netherlands
sovereign royal supreme power authority
plantations large areas of land dedicated to one crop
affonso I opposed slave trade
missionaries convert people to their religion
asante kingdom gold slaves
osei tutu military leader meritocracy
oyo empire slave traders
cape town first permanent european settlement in southern africa
boers dutch farmers
moluccas spice islands indonesia
prince henry "henry the navigator" sponsored exploration
cartographers mapmakers
vasco da gama helped establish portugal as world power
chirstopher columbus "discovered" america
line of demarcation divided noneuropean world in 2 between spain and portugal
treaty of tordesillas terms of line of demarcation
ferdinand magellan credited with circumnavigating the globe even though he died
henry VIII founded anglican church divorced beheaded and died, divorced beheaded survived
act of supremacy made henry supreme head of church
council of trent helped reform catholics
counter reformation catholic reformation
ignatius of loyola/jesuits soldier who ministered to catholics
abu bakr muhammads father in law first caliph reunited tribes
caliph successor to muhammad
umayyad meccan clan dynasty of sunni caliphs
abbasid dynasty discrimination against nonmuslims ended
baghdad new capital al-mansur's capital
new france canada
jaques cartier discovered st lawrence river
john cabot found fishies in newfoundland
pilgirms english protestants who rejected the church of england
mayflower compact guidelines for governing their colony
french and indian war war between france and england over the colonies
treaty of paris 1763 ended french and indian war
samuel de champlain made accurate maps
company of the hundred associates private trading comany
coureurs de bois fur trappers
kaaba abrahams first temple to god
umma community of islam
muhammad last and greatest prophet
bedouins nomadic herder
hernan cortes conquistador took over aztecs
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