Module 2 Study Guide

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Created by amatthews1 about 5 years ago


Module 2 Study Guide

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Question Answer
Somatotypes Body builds though to be related to certain personality characteristics or temperaments
Brain Studies Popular in the 1930's. These studies suggested that some people might cease their deviant ways if their brains were surgically altered.
Chronic deviants People who are unresponsive to treatments
Operant conditioning Examining the way behavior modification or human conditioning can lead individuals to commit crime.
Structural perspective Locates the root cause of crime and deviance outside of individuals, in the invisible social structure that make up any society.
Structuralists blame cause of crime on which two factors? The differential opportunity structure and prejudice and discrimination towards certain groups
3 Types of Deviant Opportunities Criminal, conflict and retreatist
Interactionist perspective Deal with real flesh and blood people in specific times and places. They look at how people actually encounter specific others, and they look at the influence of these others.
Key feature of Interactionist perspective Deviant behavior is socially learned, and not just from anyone, but from people's most intimate friends and family members.
Drift theory The movement into deviant subcultures occurs through a process of drift, as people gradually leave their old crowd and become enmeshed in a circle of deviant associates.
Types of Individual Adaption 1. Conformity 2. Innovation 3. Ritualism 4. Retreatism 5. Rebellion
Youthful delinquency The age where most deviation from the norms that generally occur.
Control Theories Delinquent acts result when an individual's bond to society is weak or broken.
Elements of the bond 1. Attachment 2. Commitment 3. Involvement 4. Belief
Feminist Theory Patriarchal structure of society responsible for the discrimination and oppression of women
Official statistics Numerical tabulations compiled by government officials and employees of social service agencies int he course of doing their job
Survey Research A source of statistical data, can inquire into instances of various behavior but it can also collect information about people's attitudes.
Field research Sociological fieldworkers live with members of deviant groups and become intimately familiar with their lives.
Macro "big picture" view of deivance
Symbolic Interactionism Individual v. Institutional
Constructionism Blending of labeling and conflict theories
Anomie Lack of an individuals personal norms, values, beliefs and is often referred to as normalness.
Two dimensions of social bond 1. Social integration 2. Social regulation
Social integregation Attachment to groups and institutions
Social regulation Adherence to the norms and values of society
Types of suicide 1. Altruistic 2. Egotistic 3. Anomic
Altruistic Death for the good of the group
Egoistic Death for the removal of the self either due to lack of ties to others
Anomic Death for the confounding of self interests and societies norms
Neutralization Deviants will rationalize behaviors or conditions as okay.
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