Figures of speech

Sophie Brooker
Flashcards by Sophie Brooker, updated more than 1 year ago
Sophie Brooker
Created by Sophie Brooker over 5 years ago


level 2 English (Unfamiliar texts ) Flashcards on Figures of speech , created by Sophie Brooker on 08/06/2015.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Alletaration The repetition of consonant sounds, usually (but not only)at the beginning of a word e.g Fantastic Four
Simile A comparison using the words "like" or "as"which describes a thing by saying it is similar to another e.g she has eyes like a hawk
Metaphor A comparison which describes a thing by saying it IS another e.g. My english teacher is a drill sarget
Rhyme The repetition of similar sounds, especially ends of words e.g The cat lay on the mat
Rhythm The beat (also called metre) of the words
Repetition Where a word or phase is deliberately repeated for effect
Hyperbole Deliberate exaggeration e.g There were millions of people of the beach today
Pun (Double entendre) A word or phase which has two different meanings. It is often funny. e.g. Show us your crack
Imperative A word or phase which expresses an order or command e.g. Just do it
Onomatopoeia A word which sounds like the thing it means or describes e.g. Bang, Crash, Pow
Personification When a non-living or non-human thing is given living or human characteristics e.g. The tree danced in the wind
Rhetorical Question (oral) Interrogative (written) A question that doesn't need an answer
Assonance The repetition of a vowel sound, followed by different consonants e.g. Chalk wall
Listing Adding examples in order, or adding synonyms: listing adds weight to an argument or meaning either by showing that there is a range of evidence to support an argument or by repetition of an idea using different words. Paragraphs may also be listed to help structure the text and order an argument (firstly, secondly, etc.)
Oxymoron The combining of opposites create an expressive phrase that is often used to express inner confusion or stress e.g. cold fire, loving hate
Reference to authority A famous person is quoted or used as an example to make a point more convincing e.g. We should all be honest : As George Washington said, 'I cannot tell a lie'
Colloquialism Use of slang or grammatically incorrect langue to show the reality of how a person might speak in a certain situation, or to appeal to a particular audience e.g. 'Sup' to young people
Use of direct speech A technique often used in non-fiction text to interrupt description and make the action/events come alive. E.g. Direct quotes in a newspaper story to personalise what is being described
Paradox An apparent contradiction, which contains an underlying truth. E.g. I know I know nothing at all
Anecdote A little story used as an example to support a point
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