Continents

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Flashcards on Continents , created by Neetu Swarnakar on 08/08/2021.
Neetu Swarnakar
Flashcards by Neetu Swarnakar, updated more than 1 year ago
Neetu Swarnakar
Created by Neetu Swarnakar over 1 year ago
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There are no countries in Antarctica. There are no people in Antarctica apart from some personnel from research stations and field camps. A number of countries operate seasonal or year-round research stations on the continent and its surrounding islands. 99% of Antarctica is ice. It is the world’s largest polar desert. The continent holds 60% to 90% of the world’s fresh water. During winter months it nearly doubles in size due to the large amount of ice that forms.
Africa is the world’s second largest and populous continent. It has huge physical diversity: deserts, grassland, mountains and jungle can all be found in certain parts of Africa. This continent is home to an enormous range of animals, from hippos and hyenas to butterflies and dung beetles. Africa is the oldest inhabited continent on Earth and people have lived there for over five million years. There are 54 countries in Africa.
The European continent is located completely in the north part of the world . It has 46 countries There are more than 200 different languages spoken in Europe. Europe is the second smallest continent in size but the third largest in population. The world's happiest people live in Finland. Some countries like Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Turkey lie in Asia and Europe . Russia is also a part of both Europe and Asia. Tourists love to visit Europe for its famous monuments and old cities .
Australia is the largest island country and the smallest continent in the Southern part of the world and also called Oceania. Australia is surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The Australian continent is famous for kangaroos and emus. The world’s largest coral reef, the Great Barrier Reef is located here.
Asia is the largest continent of our planet, both in size and population. The Asian continent includes 48 countries. Asian countries are mainly located in the eastern and northern part of the world .The two most populous countries in the world are in Asia, China and India. Asia's largest country by area is Russia, Asian Russia occupies almost 30% of the entire continent. The rest is in Europe . Asia is divided into many regions - The Far East, the Middle East, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and South Asia,
North America is the third largest continent in size and the fourth largest population wise . North America is bordered by the Arctic Ocean in the north, Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. The continent is dominated by three countries: Canada, Mexico and the United States. Greenland is also the world's largest island that is not a continent! There is no landlocked country in North America! North America is also home to many endangered animals such as the American bison, the banana bat or the cougar. Cougars are also called mountain lions.
It is connected to North America by land. The Amazon River runs through South America and is surrounded by the world's largest rain forest. The continent has rain forests, deserts like the Atacama, the world's driest desert, and the Andes, the world's longest mountain range. There are glaciers in the south. South America is the fourth largest continent in size and the fifth largest population wise . The South American continent is located in the western and southern part of the world. There are 12 countries in South America . Fourth in area and fifth in population
When the continent Australia began to break away from Antarctica more than 60 million years ago, it carried a load of animals with it which are unique and not found anywhere. Africa is the place where Homo sapiens originated and then migrated to all the other continents of the world. The continents landforms was inhabitable and remained unknown for thousands of years, earning it the name of 'Dark Continent'
Greenland is part of North America, even though economically and politically, it is a territory of Denmark (which is in Europe). North and South America are joined together; however a man-made canal has been created in Panama to allow ships to pass through the narrowest point of land that joins the two continents. The Panama Canal allows roughly 14,000 ships a year to pass through it, avoiding the long trip around the southern tip of South America.
Asia and Africa are joined by the Suez Canal. The driest and windiest continent is Antarctica while the wettest one is South America . Did you know that Australia is the largest country in the Southern part of the world and the largest country without land borders? Antarctica is considered a desert as it receives 8 inches of rainfall in a year . South America is home to : world's highest waterfall World's largest river by volume World's largest mountain range
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