Ch. 2 Roots of Democracy

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Flashcards by victoria russ, updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by victoria russ about 6 years ago


Ch. 2 Vocabulary

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Enlightenment Ideas The Enlightenment Period was 1700's; aka Age of Reason; 1 of the causes for the American Revolution
Magna Carta signed by King John in 12 15; it limited the power of the king & gave rights to the English nobles; it is a huge influence on our govt.
social contract an unofficial agreement shared by everyone in a society in which they give up some freedom for security.
Baron de Montesquieu His BIG IDEA "separation of power" means power is divided between 3 branches of govt. legislative, executive, judicial
separation of powers power is shared between 3 branches of government
Jamestown, Virginia 1st permanent English settlement in the New World
John Locke English philosopher whose BIG IDEA was "natural rights philosophy"
Thomas Jefferson main author of the D.O.I
Declaration of Independence signed July 4, 1776 the document officially announced American independence from England
Second Continental Congress meeting of delegates at Independence Hall; chose a committee of 5 men to write the DOI
Battle of Lexington & Concord "the shot heard around the world"; start of the Revolutionary War
Common Sense a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that was widely read in the colonies; said colonies should be free and independent of
Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims, first constitutional document signed in what becomes America; established concept of self-government; created a direct democracy includes principles "rule of law", social contract (consent of the governed)
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