chapter 2 vocab

Bethany Davis
Flashcards by Bethany Davis, updated more than 1 year ago
Bethany Davis
Created by Bethany Davis over 5 years ago



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The british legislature Parliament
a group of people that makes laws Legislature
a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case Precedent
system of laws based on precedent and customs common law
an agreement, or contract, among a group of people compact
a gathering of local citizens to discuss and vote on important issues town meeting
the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys mercantilism
the refusal to purchase certain goods boycott
a formal meeting at which representatives discuss matters of common purpose congress
self-reliance and freedom from outside control independence
a group of individuals or states that band together for a common purpose confederation
Great charter signed in 1215 by king John; limited the power of the monarch and recognized rights of the nobles magna carta
1688 the peaceful transfer of power in history of England: Parliament removed King James II from throne and invited his daughter Mary and her husband William to rule instead Glorious Revolution
in England history guaranteed free elections, the rights to a fair trial, and made cruel and unusual punishment illegal English bill of rights
rights you are born with-life, liberty, and property Natural rights
agreement between the people and the government; people agree to give up part of their freedom to govt. in exchange for protection of natural rights social contract
philosopher who came up with "separation of powers" Baron de Montesquieu
during the 17090's & 1800's movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society Enlightenment
document signed by passengers of the Mayflower; created a direct democracy in the New World; also represents idea of a social contract Mayflower Compact
bicameral legislature in Jamestown Virginia also the first representative democracy in the New World House of Burgesses
colony owned by a person who controlled the land and government Proprietary Colony
colony owned and ruled directly by the king Royal Colony
a person who agreed to work for a period of 7 years to pay off the cost of there passage to the colonies indentured servant
trade between Europe, Africa and America. Slaves from Africa were transported to America and traded for sugar and molasses Triangular trade
the journey made across the atlantic ocean by slave ships Middle Passage
"healthy or useful neglect"- england did not strictly enforce its laws to the colonies salutary neglect
also called the seven years war between England and France because of war debt England began to tax the colonists French Indian War
slogan that summed up the colonist anger over taxes and the fact the colonies were not allowed to send representatives to parliament "no taxation without representation"
MArch 5 1770 British soldiers opened fire on a crowd killing 5 american colonists;event fueled the Americans hatred for the British Boston Massacre
a tax on printed materials such as legal documents, mail, newspapers, etc Stamp Act
colonists some dressed as indians sneaked aboard British ships and dumped 90,000 pounds of tea into the Boston Harbour Boston Tea Party
also known as the Coercive Acts; these acts punished the Boston colonists for the Boston tea party; the Boston port was closed to trade and a new quartering act Intolerable acts
part of the intolerable acts; act that required colonist to house and feed british soldiers quartering act
pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that was widely read in the colonies; said colonies should be free and independent common sense
"shot heard around the world"; first battle of the Revolutionary War Battle of Lexington and Concord
meeting of colonial delegates in May 1775; a committee of 5 men were appointed to write a document declaring American independence Second Continental Congress
the document addressed to king george II of England that declared American independence Declaration of Independence
chief author of the D.O.I. Thomas Jefferson
English philosopher whose natural rights philosophy was a BIG influence on Thomas Jefferson John Locke
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