Chapter 2 Flashcards

Morgan Babson
Flashcards by Morgan Babson, updated more than 1 year ago
Morgan Babson
Created by Morgan Babson almost 6 years ago


By Morgan Babson

Resource summary

Question Answer
Magna Carta Signed in 1215; primarily secured liberties for England's elite classes
Social Contract Originating during the enlightenment age; the belief that societies exist through a mutual contract between individuals, and the state exists to serve the will of the people
Baron De Montesquieu French political philosopher, who came up with the Separation of powers that was a major contribution to the political theory
Jamestown, Virginia First permanent English settlement in the Americas
Bicameral A bicameral legislature is where the legislators are separated into two separate branches
House of Burgesses The first legislative assembly of elected representatives in North America
Pilgrims Early settlers of the Plymouth Colony
Mayflower Compact first governing document of Plymouth Colony;They were fleeing from religious persecution by King James of England
Indentured Servant A person under contract to work for another person for a definite period of time, usually without pay but in exchange for free passage to a new country
Triangular Slave Trade Slaves were traded between Africa, the Caribbean, and the American colonies
Salutary Neglect Britain's absence in colonial America due to pressing issues in England left the colonies alone for the most part to govern themselves
French & Indian War (7 years war) A war fought between Great Britain and France and their allies.
Mercantilism Belief in the benefits of profitable trade
Boycott Withdraw of using or buying goods as a form of protest
Stamp Act Act against colonists by imposing taxes on newspapers and legal documents
Declaratory Act Act of the Parliament of Great Britain, which accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act 1765 and the changing and lessening of the Sugar Act.
Boston Massacre A fight between British soldiers and several colonists which resulted in the injury and murder of several colonists
Boston Tea Party An act of protest against taxation; Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty boarded three ships in the Boston harbor and threw 342 chests of tea overboard
Intolerable Acts British laws passed by the Parliament of Great Britain 1774 toward punishing the Massachusetts colonists for the actions taken in the incident known as the Boston Tea Party
"Common Sense" Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that inspired people in the Thirteen Colonies to declare and fight for independence from Great Britain
Second Continental Congress Convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Declaration of Independence Statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British Empire
Articles of Confederation Written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain
Daniel Shays Rebellion Series of protests in 1786 and 1787 by American farmers against state and local enforcement of tax collections and judgments for debt.
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