INORGANIC CHEMISTRY DEFINITIONS -UNT ONE BIOLOGY

Sam H2456
Flashcards by Sam H2456, updated more than 1 year ago
Sam H2456
Created by Sam H2456 over 5 years ago
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High School Diploma BIOLOGY (UNIT ONE) Flashcards on INORGANIC CHEMISTRY DEFINITIONS -UNT ONE BIOLOGY, created by Sam H2456 on 27/09/2015.

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Question Answer
ATOMS SMALLEST PARTICLE OF MATTER
SUB-ATOMIC PARTICLES P+(NUCLEUS), NEUTRONS(NUCLEUS), E-(ORBITS)
MOLECULE 2+ ATOMS CHEMICALLY JOINED TOGETHER AKA A BOND EXISTS BETWEEN THE TWO
COMPOUND 2+ ATOMS BONDED TOGETHER IN FIXED RATIO
PURE SUBSTANCE CONTAINS ONLY ONE TYPE OF ATOM OR MOLECULE
MIXTURE 2+ ELEMENTS MIXED AND AMOUNT DOESN'T MATTER
SOLUTION CONTAINS SOLUTE(GETS DISSOLVED) AND SOLVENT(DOES DISSOLVING) ONE VISIBLE LAYER, HOMOGENOUS "LIKE DISSOLVES LIKE"
SUSPENSION ONE SUBSTANCE FLOATING, PARTICLES SEPARATE WHEN LEFT ALONE, HETEROGENOUS.
ION & TYPES ATOM THAT'S LOST/GAINED AND E-. TYPES: ANION(GAINED SO NEG CHARGE) AND CATION(LOST SO POS CHARGE)
ISOMERS SAME CHEM. FORMULA BUT DIFF. CHEM. STRUCTURES(GLUCOSE & FRUCTOSE)
ISOTOPES SAME ELEMENT BUT DIFFERENT NEUTRONS, THIS MAKES THEM UNSTABLE & RADIOACTIVE.
HALF-LIFE ISOTOPES THAT BREAK DOWN AT A FIXED RATE(TIME REQUIRED FOR HALF OF THE MASS TO BREAK APART)
CARBON-14 DATING THIS IS WHEN YOU DETERMINE THE AGE IN ALL LIVING THINGS
MEDICAL LABS & TRACERS HIGHLIGHT CERTAIN ORGANS (TUMORS)SHORT LIFE SPANS TO PROTECT TISSUES FROM RADIATION
OCTET RULE VALENCE SHELL MUST BE FILLED(8E-; OCTO)COMBINE OR SHARE E- TO BECOME STABLE
INTERA-MOLECLUAR BONDS (AKA CHEMICAL BONDS) BONDS THAT HOLD MOLECULES TOGETHER
ELECTROSTATIC ATTRACTION AN ANION AND CATION ARE ATTRACTED TO EACH OTHER TO FORM A MOLECULE
INTER-MOLECULAR BONDS (PHYSICAL BONDS OR VAN DER WAALS FORCES) PHYSICAL BONDS THAT HOLD MOLECULES TOGETHER
HYDROGEN SHELL H2O MOLECULES FORM A COATING THAT REDUCE ATTRACTION B/W POS & NEG SO THEY STAY IN SOLUTION
HYDROPHYLLIC POLAR OR IONIC MOLECULES HAVE THE POTENTIAL TO DISSOLVE IN WATER
HYDROPHOBIC NON-POLAR MOLECULES NOT ATTRACTED TO WATER AND HAVE A LOW SOLUBILITY
ACID ABLE TO DONATE A PROTON TO A SOLUTION (H3O+)
BASE CAN INCREASE OH- CONCENTRATION OF SOLUTION &/OR ABSORB ACID(H3O+) FROM A SOLUTION
OXIDIZATION REMOVES E- FROM AN ATOM
REDUCTION GAINS E-
OXIDIZING AGENT THE CHEMICAL THAT GAINS E-
REDUCING AGENT CHEMICAL THAT LOSE E-
OXIDATION NUMBER AVAILABLE E- FOR BONDING WITH OTHER ATOMS BUT CANNOT EXCEED THE VALUE OF VALENCE E-
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