key words

Flashcards by zoeegreen99, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by zoeegreen99 over 5 years ago


all of my key words learnt so far

Resource summary

Question Answer
values something in which people see as important e.g. something people believe in
norms behaviour that is considered normal in society e.g. manners
consumer culture culture which is expressed through the choices people make about what they buy e.g. brands (apple, Samsung)
culture the ideas, customs and social behaviour of any particular people or society e.g. dress, language, behaviour
behaviour the way people act e.g. act out norms
subculture a smaller group within society with values which are different to the wider group e.g. youth subculture
cultural relativism the idea that cultural values, norms and behaviour may vary according to different societies. as a result people must be aware that they see other cultures from the perspective of their own. e.g. challenges for sociologists wishing to understand other cultures
high culture the artistic and entertainment forms that are most generally associated with the most educated people in a society. e.g. opera, classical music, theatre
cultural diversity exploring examples of culture across various societies e.g. PNG, the san, the na
cultural hybridity a new form of culture, created from combining two or more forms of culture e.g. creolisation
popular culture the main form of culture that is popular with the masses, often associated with those who are not highly educated. e.g. pop music
globalization due to increased communications and connections between people all over the world, a new form of culture us emerging which reflects large scale shared ways of life. e.g. mcdonaldlization
mass culture due to larger scale production, larger and larger numbers of people share cultural ideas. e.g. films
cultural capital the idea that some people possess the appropriate norms, values and behaviour which leads to economic rewards. e.g. Pierre Bourdieu, leads to greater success in education.
roles a part played by a personal thing. e.g. nurse, teacher, MP
status relative, social or professional position e.g. the class system
attitudes how someone feels towards something e.g. emotions
mores morals and manners e.g. please and thank you polygamy is accepted in some cultures but others not.
rules the do's and don'ts e.g. don't murder someone
privation someone who has never gone through socialisation e.g. feral child
agent an individual person e.g. teacher, parent
meritocracy ' if you work hard you will be rewarded'
nepatism inheritors of power and wealth e.g. the royal family
master status once labelled by society any others labels that aren't as major are forgotten e.g. murderer take over father, husband etc.
impression management when a person changes the way they are in public in order to fit in however when at home in private they act as their own person e.g. alter ego
labelling theory when society labels you as a certain kind of person based on your actions e.g. rapist
macro-sociology looking at how the world effects a person e.g. how pollution effects a persons health
micro-sociology how a person effects the world e.g. how urbanization affects the environment in the world
matriarchal a society whereby the gender of females are in charge e.g. the na
patriarchal a society whereby the male gender is in charge e.g. British society
inherent for something to be naturally there in your life e.g. wealth
functionalist a type of sociologist that believes society is similar to a human body 'once one thing breaks down everything else follows eventually.'
industrialization a sociology theory of development of the industry e.g. factories
feminists see culture as maintaining the status quo which is a patriarchal society in most cases
post modernists a type of sociologists that believes our world is increasing in individualism and social institutions no longer exists communarism has diminished
marxists also structuralists, which means they see culture as a way of sharing norms, values and beliefs
master status once labelled society reinforces your label reducing any other labels you have
social class the identities that people adopt are formed within the cultures and subcultures to which they belong to
upper class usually associated with having great amounts of money and inheriting it e.g. the royal family
upper middle associated with the most well payed and skilled professions and can also be a celebrity. e.g. politician, footballer, actress etc.
lower middle class people that are associated with some aspects of upper and lower class and do not have very manual labor jobs e.g. teacher
working class people that are considered to have low culture but skilled jobs e.g. public services, .plumbers etc.
working poor the class that have manual jobs but do not earn a lot of money e.g. factory workers
underclass people in society that are most likely to be unemployed so therefore live on government benefits etc.
life chances an individuals chances of obtaining those things defined as desirable and avoiding those things defined as undesirable in any society
bordieu the upper class
objective material differences in peoples life chances e.g. working class have less wealth and poorer health
subjective someones class identity, the tastes and attitudes they associate with being a member of that class e.g. eating caviar or scampi and chips for dinner
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