Change Theories/Theorists

Jake Flaxman
Flashcards by Jake Flaxman, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Jake Flaxman
Created by Jake Flaxman almost 4 years ago
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Flashcards of key language change theories/theorists.
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Question Answer
M.A.K. Halliday Language changes according to the needs of its users.
Jean Aitchson (Prescriptivist/Descriptivist) Prescriptivist: Challenges change. Descriptivist: Encourages change.
Random Fluctuation Theory Charles Hockett: Proposed that random "mistakes" led to change. Paul Postal: "Language is as unpredictable as fashion, and thus changes are random".
Wave/S-Curve Geographical theory. Language is like a pond - drop a stone (word) in it and the ripples (trends of that word) will travel far and wide.
Substratum Theory Change comes through "language contact".
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