Chapter 2 vocab.

maeganbrady410
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Chapter 2 vocab.
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Magna Carta Document that protected the nobles' privileges and authority, or control. 98289336-232b-420e-b285-16077fc210f3.jpg (image/jpg)
Glorious revolution Changed government in England. From this time on, no ruler would have more power than parliament.
Glorious revolution a750da45-5593-43b9-8491-647cc88efb38.jpg (image/jpg)
Parliament A group of representatives in England that came to have more power than monarch. It made the colonists want to self-govern. 1300's 82d30711-7d72-47ff-bf29-3adf981079f6.jpg (image/jpg)
English Bill of rights Document that guaranteed free elections to Parliament, the right to a fair trial, and the elimintaion of cruel and unusual punishments. d6bc3c0c-d6af-4d72-997e-1f03b03d57e5.jpg (image/jpg)
Bicameral A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses. 74946e33-2622-4bab-a71b-931e9c035085.jpg (image/jpg)
House of burgesses The lower house of the colonial Virginia legislature. 7337958b-f432-435d-b314-0e3ed4b1b09d.jpg (image/jpg)
Mayflower compact It was an agreement, or contract, among a group of people that stood for rules to govern the Plymouth colonists if they were to survive in a new land. ddaa5433-9a24-4d65-a63b-2aba38276871.jpg (image/jpg)
Salutary neglect Refers to the unofficial, long-term seventeenth- and eighteenth-century British Crown policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep American colonies obedient to England. f0fda14c-6885-4135-8177-3701f107908b.jpg (image/jpg)
French indian war A series of military engagements between Britain and France in North America between 1754 and 1763. 45b8f1b1-9222-4ba1-ac18-e9b8d13dc6d6.jpg (image/jpg)
Proclamation of 1763 Was issued by King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War, which forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.
merchantilism The economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should encourage by means of protectionism c03acba0-28b3-4f1d-a97b-e954d8335fad.jpg (image/jpg)
Boston Massacre Street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a "patriot" mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. e247f81c-f70e-4f4b-9b15-4f8987747439.jpg (image/jpg)
Boston tea party Raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of tea into the harbor as a protest against British taxes on tea and against the monopoly granted the East India Company. ecd28757-de12-462f-a17c-6b39a0c9bb83.jpg (image/jpg)
Natural rights Possessed rights to life, liberty, and property that no government could take away. fe81dee1-92f7-4e26-8b9d-113087cdb12f.jpg (image/jpg)
Social Contract An agreement among the people in a society. bcee646e-4369-4c92-becf-3f2ad3cea861.jpg (image/jpg)
Fundamental orders of Connecticut First written Constitution which called for an assembly of elected representatives from each town to make laws. 4e5f6898-feea-4996-aeca-1f8294faebad.jpg (image/jpg)
Triangular trade Pattern of trade that developed among the Americas, Africa, and Europe. d31eff14-983a-4525-bb41-ca9c559e6f47.jpg (image/jpg)
Separation of powers Separated legislative, executive, and judicial functions of government and assign, or appoint, each to a separate branch of government. c0f4f0ac-577d-46ef-8005-875cd27959ff.jpg (image/jpg)
Baron de Montesquieu Developed idea about dividing the branches into different parts to balance each other. 81cf8745-f183-47b1-a702-d0f6d8293c94.jpg (image/jpg)
Enlightenment Many of the rights that American citizens enjoy today. 4fad8683-4028-4df9-908c-7fa7735967f7.jpg (image/jpg)
John Locke English philosopher that was considered an Enlightenment thinker who believed that God had created an orderly universe. e588daf8-6e92-4cf6-83a2-1b1e66df3db9.jpg (image/jpg)
Mercantilism Theory that a country's power depends on its wealth.
Boycott Refuse to buy , British goods. 2ecf58f1-1fb8-4e35-b7f5-609763fba816.jpg (image/jpg)
Boston Massacre Street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770 between a mob throwing snowballs, stones, sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. b2c38cf9-cf7d-4b16-92c7-c7ce47c931e8.jpg (image/jpg)
Boston tea party Raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of tea into the harbor as a protest against British taxes on tea and against the monopoly granted the East India Company.
Coercive Acts The Coercive Acts were a series of four acts established by the British government 66ac892f-65c3-4bec-8ceb-a6298b1c2bcc.png (image/png)
Proclamation of 1763 It forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.
First continental congress Lasted seven weeks. Delegates sent a document to King George 3 demanding that the rights of the colonists be restored, or given back.
Olive branch petition The petition affirmed American loyalty to Great Britain and entreated the king to prevent further conflict.
Second continental congress Spent many months debating the best course of action against independence.
Declaration of Independence Argued that the British government did not look after the interests of th ecolonists. More than a list of complaints, but a document that set forth the colonists' beliefs about the rights of individuals.
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence and served as a president from 1801 to 1809, between John Adams and Madison.
Articles of Confederation Established a system for cooperation, or "league of friendship," among independent states.
Daniel Shays' rebellion When Massachusetts courts threatened to take his farm as payment for his debts, Shays felt the state had no right to punish him for a problem it had created. Shays armed about 1,200 farmers in an attack on a federal arsenal.
Philadelphia Convention The convention, meeting in Philadelphia, designed a government with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
James Madison A leader in the drafting of the Constitution, he worked tirelessly for its adoption by the states, contributing several essays to The Federalist Papers
Common sense A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation.
Quartering act Quartering Act is a name given to a minimum of two Acts of British Parliament in the local governments of the American colonies to provide the British soldiers with any needed accommodations or housing.
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