Chapter 2

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Civics and Economics words for Chapter 2
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Enlightenment a European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and science could improve society
1d7112b5-2230-44c1-b3f1-33cb4a095111.jpg (image/jpg) great charter signed in 1215 by King John; limited the power of the monarch and recognized rights of the nobles
Glorious Revolution 1688 the peaceful transfer of power in history with England
English Bill of Rights 71a7fa38-e986-4776-a289-5f18b96c8fb4.jpg (image/jpg) in English history guaranteed free elections, the right to a fair trial, and make cruel and unusual punishment illegal
Parliament the highest British legislature
Mayflower Compact 190a978c-197d-4f01-a8fa-d998348e98d2.jpg (image/jpg) document signed by passengers of Mayflower; created a direct democracy in the New World
House of Burgesses bicameral legislature in Jamestown, Virginia; also was the first representative idea of a social contract
Bicameral having two branches or chambers
John Locke b6e07400-8e59-4dc3-b7b7-0bde12b28b9e.jpg (image/jpg) English philosopher whose natural rights philosophy was a BIG influence on Thomas Jefferson
Natural Rights Rights that you are born with: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Social Contract agreement between the people and the government
Baron de Montesquieu 8abd2cd7-e04a-4d30-83e7-2ff4609e031d.jpg (image/jpg) philosopher that came up with "separation of powers"
Salutary neglect England didn't strictly enforce its laws in the colonies
French Indian War 7 years war; between England and France because of war debt England began to tax the colonies
b9e8dfe5-6840-4449-a73a-380b600fe2cc.jpg (image/jpg) England said colonists not settle new lands beyond the Appalachian mountains
Mercantilism the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys
Boston Massacre 84e624c8-1f78-49e9-941e-c797a3662c3d.jpg (image/jpg) a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a "patriot" mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers
Boston Tea Party 8c1dfc9a-55d6-4309-89a8-d4e34e1734af.jpg (image/jpg) colonists snuck aboard British ships and dumped 90,000 pounds of tea into the Boston Harbor
Separation of Powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies
"No taxation without representation" 10ec7240-1b9d-4739-a948-9b9913cbdc3a.jpg (image/jpg) slogan that summed up the colonists anger over taxes and the fact the the colonies were NOT allowed to send representatives to Parliament
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1st written constitution in the New World
Triangular Trade 004baff3-cd79-4c38-a212-9d2e7c3c020b.jpg (image/jpg) trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas
Stamp Act 36bc3cfd-fc8b-47e8-b13b-8663946ea7de.jpg (image/jpg) a tax on printed materials such as legal documents
Boycott the refusal to purchase certain goods
Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) these laws were punished by the Boston colonists for the Boston Tea Party
First Continental Congress b21d2d6c-e6e3-4c08-a028-165f1edb748f.jpg (image/jpg) a meeting of delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies that met on September 5 to October 26, 1774
Olive Branch Petition adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 5, 1775 in a final attempt to avoid a full-on war between the 13 colonies
Second Continental Congress 634775f4-ac94-4e5f-86f5-619cba6d91bb.jpg (image/jpg) meeting of a colonial delegates in May 1775; a committee of 5 men were appointed to write a document declaring American independence
Quartering Act part of the Intolerable Acts; act that required colonists to house and feed British soldiers
Declaration of Independence the document addressed to King George II of England that declared American Independence
Thomas Jefferson c4777971-38b2-4ea9-b833-677dba7525d2.jpg (image/jpg) author of the Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation our first government; lasted for about 10 years; created a "league of friendship" between the 13 states
Daniel Shays Rebellion a wake up call for Americans; Daniel led a rebellion of Massachusetts farmers against the federal government under the AOC
Philadelphia Convention (Constitutional Convention) met May-Sept. 1787 delegates suppose to fix the AOC; end up writing a new constitution
James Madison e7a8946e-a292-4152-b225-b809e19db320.jpg (image/jpg) Father of the Constitution
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