Chapter 2 vocab

Jennifer Labra L
Flashcards by Jennifer Labra L, updated more than 1 year ago
Jennifer Labra L
Created by Jennifer Labra L about 5 years ago
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Chapter 2 vocab

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Magna Carta (The Greater Charter) a charter of liberties to which the English b forced King John to sign in June 1215. Limited the power of the king
Glorious revolution 1688 the peaceful transfer of power in history of england. Parliament removed King james 2 from the throne and invited his daughter mary and her husband william to rule instead
Parliament British legislative body
English bill of rights Right to a fair trial, and made cruel and unusual punishment illegal
House of burgesses Bicameral legislature in Jamestown. virginia; also was the first representative democracy in the New World.
Mayflower Compact first governing document of Plymouth Colony. direct democracy in the new world
Salutary neglect England did not in force its laws in the colonies
French indian war (7 year war) France’s expansion into the Ohio River valley brought repeated conflict with the claims of the British colonies, a series of battles led to the official British declaration of war in 1756. because of war england began to tax the colonies
Proclamation of 1763 issued October 7, 1763, by King George III following Great Britain's gain of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War, which forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.
Boston Massacre Street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a "patriot" mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers.
No taxation without representation A slogan during the 1750's and 1760's that summarized a primary grievance of the American colonist in the 13 colonies.
Boston Tea Party Colonists threw tea off of the boston harbor as a protest against taxation
Enlightenment A European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition.
Baron de montesquieu Philosopher who came up with "Power of separation"
Boycott Refuse to buy, stop doing something
Mercantilism Theory that a country's power depends on its wealth. Sell more goods than buy
Social contract agreement between the people and the government; people agree to give up part of their freedom to the govt. in exchange for protection of naturals rights.
Fundamental of connecticut The Fundamental Orders were adopted by the Connecticut Colony council on January 15, 1639/ 1st written constitution in the new world
Triangular trade A historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions. Europe, Africa and America
stamp act An act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue from the American colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and mail and commercial documents.
intolerable act American Patriots term for a series of punishable law passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea party.
Second continental congress a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that, soon after warfare, declared the American Revolutionary War had begun.
Declaration of independence document address to king george 2 of england that declared american independence
Thomas jefferson American Founding Father who was principal author of the Declaration of Independence
Articles of confederation 1st government lasted for about 10 years created a league of friendship between the 13 states
Daniel shays rebellion a wake up call for americans; Daniel shays led a rebellion of massachusetts farmers against the federal govt. under the aoc
Philadelphia convention aka constitutional convention constitutional conventions; met may sept. 1787 delegates suppose to amend the articles of confederation; end up writing a new constitution
James madison Political theorist, American statesman, and served as the fourth President of the United States. Father of the constitution
common sense pamphlet written by thomas pained that was widely read in the colonies; said colonies should be free and independent
Quartering Act part of the intolerable acts; act that required colonist to house and feed british soldiers.
Battle of lexington and concord shot heard around the world; first battle of the revolutionary war
Independence self-reliance to purchase certain goods
legislature a group of people that makes the law
confederation a group of states that come together for a common purpose
middle passage journey across the atlantic ocean made from slavery ship
indentured servant a person who agreed to work for a period of 7 years to pay off the coast of their passage to the colonies
natural right rights you are born with-life, liberty and property
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