Civics Vocabulary 2

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Chapter 2 Vocab
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Question Answer
Parliment The British Legislator
Legislature A group of people that makes laws
Precedent A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later similar case
Common Law A system of law based on precedent and customs
Compact An agreement, or contract, among a group of people
Town Meeting A gathering of a local citizens to discuss and vote on important issues.
Mercantilism The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys.
Boycott The refusal to purchase certain goods
Congress A formal meeting at which representatives discuss matters of common concern
Independence Self Reliance and freedom from outside control
Confederation A group of individuals or states that band together for a common purpose
Glorious Revolution 1688 the peaceful transfer of power in history of Britain; Parliament removed King James ll from throne and invited his daughter Mary and her husband William to rule instead
Magna Carta Great charter signed in 1215 by King John; limited power of the monarch and recognized rights of the nobles
English Bill of Rights In English history guaranteed free elections, the right to a fair trial, and made cruel and unusual punishment illegal.
Natural Rights right you are born with-life, liberty and property.
Social contract agreement between the people and the government; People agree to give up part of their freedom to govt. in exchange for protection of natural rights
Baron de Montesquieu philosopher who came up with "separation of powers"
Enlightenment during the 1700's and 1800's movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society.
Mayflower compact document signed by the passengers on the mayflower, created a direct democracy in the new world
House of Burgesses bicameral legislator in Jamestown
Proprietary colony colony owned by a person who controlled the land a govt.
Royal colony colony owned by the king
indentured servant a person who agreed to work for a period of seven years to pay off the cost of their passage of the colonies
Triangular trade 5fcea6fd-753f-4d70-9a55-3b13d47b3e3c.jpg (image/jpg) trade between europe,africa, and the americas, slaves from africa were trade fo sugar and molasses
Middle passage the journey across the atlantic ocean made by slave ships
Salutary neglect sometimes called healthy or useful neglect meant england did not strictly enforce its laws on the colonist
French Indian War also know as the 7 years war fought between england and france, and because of war debt england taxed the colonies
No taxation without representation slogan that summed up the colonists anger over the taxes and the fact colonies were not allowed to send representatives to parliment
Boston massacre March 5 1770 british soldiers opened fire on civilians killing 5
Stamp act Taxed anything on paper
Boston tea party eb139774-4ec0-457d-97f5-06a6067381df.jpg (image/jpg) When colonists dumped 90,000 pounds of taxed british tea into the harbor
Intolerable acts also known as the coercive acts, they punished boston colonists for the boston tea party, the port was closed to trade
Qurtering act part of the intolerable acts, act that required colonists to house and feed british soldiers
Common Sense 9afcf31a-ceb2-428f-8e2d-e1c33e0c721c.jpg (image/jpg) pamphlet written by thomas paine that was widely read in the colonies
Battle of Lexington and Concord First battle of the Revolutionary war
Second Continental Congress meeting of colonial delegates in May 1775; a committee of 5 men were appointed to write a document declaring Americas independence
D.O.I 59c44070-e4aa-45ad-8a0d-9f00a843d1f4.jpg (image/jpg) Document that declared Americas freedom from Great Britain
Thomas Jefferson 6d92091d-21df-413f-bd19-dbb2b27b139a.jpg (image/jpg) Chief author of the D.O.I
John Locke a9c197c5-42cc-498f-a666-43a2895abd61.jpg (image/jpg) English philosopher who came up with natural rights
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