Social Status: Sex, Gender, Race, Ethnicity, and Social Class

Caitlin Hall
Flashcards by Caitlin Hall, updated more than 1 year ago
Caitlin Hall
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Chapter 2

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social stratification The hierarchical ranking of categories of people within society.
sociological imagination The recognition that our personal experiences are, in large part, shaped by forces within the larger society.
sex Biological differences men and women, and their role in reproduction.
gender Culturally and socially constructed differences between males and females found in the meanings, beliefs, and practices associated with "femininity" and "masculinity."
gender socialization Teaching the cultural norms associated with being male or female.
agents of socialization The primary groups responsible for gender socialization.
hidden curriculum Gender socialization, which is taught informally in school.
race A category describing people who share real or perceived physical traits that society deems socially significant, such as skin color.
ethnicity Shared cultural characteristics, such as language, place of origin, dress, food, religion, and other values.
ethnic group A group of people who share specific cultural features.
minority group A category of people who have less power than the dominant group, and who are subject to unequal treatment.
social capital Social networking connections, which can be a valuable source of information, such as a resource for job leads.
prejudice A negative attitude about members of selected racial and ethnic groups.
stereotypes Oversimplified sets of beliefs about a group of people.
discrimination Behaviors, actions, or practices based on racial or ethnic preferences that have harmful impacts.
individual discrimination One person exhibiting a negative behavior towards another person.
institutional discrimination Social institutions, such as the government, religion, and education, create policies and practices that are systematically disadvantageous to certain groups.
extended families Families that include not only parents and children, but also other family members, such as grandparents, uncles, aunts, or cousins.
social class A social position based on primarily income and wealth, but occupational prestige and educational level may be relevant as well.
socioeconomic status (SES) Some combination of education, occupation, and income.
social mobility Movement from one social class to another.
food insecurity A lack of available nourishing food on a regular basis.
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