Civics Vocab Chapter 2

halopez
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halopez
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Chapter 2 vocab

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Enlightenment during the 1700's and 1800's movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society
Magna Carta Great Charter signed in 1215 by King John; limited the power of the monarch and recognized rights of the nobles
Glorious Revolution 1688 the peaceful transfer of power in history of England; Parliament removed King James ll from throne and invited his daughter Mary and her husband William to rule instead
English Bill of Rights in English history guaranteed free elections, the right to a fair trial, and made cruel and unusual punishment illegal
Mayflower Compact document signed by passengers of Mayflower; created a direct democracy in the New World; also represents idea of a social contract
House of Burgesses bicameral legislature in Jamestown, Virginia; also was the first representative democracy in the New World
Bicameral having two branches or chambers
John Locke English philosopher whose natural rights philosophy was a BIG influence on Thomas Jefferson
Natural Rights (Inalienable Rights) rights you are born with-life, liberty & property
Social Contract agreement between the people (the governed) and the government; People agree to give up part of their freedom to govt. in exchange for protection of natural rights
Baron de Montesquieu philosopher who came up with "seperation of powers"
Separation of Power the distribution of political authority that provides a system of checks and balances ensures no single branch
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1st written constitution in the New World
Triangular Trade trade between Europe, Africa nad the Americas; slaves from Africa were transported to the Americas and traded for sugar and molasses
Salutary Neglect somes called healthy or useful neglect meant England did not structly enforce its laws in the colonies
French and Indian War also called the Seven Years War between England and France because of war debt England began to tax the colonies
Mercantilism belief in the benefits of profitable trading
Stamp Act a taz on printed materials such as legal documents, mail, newspapers, etc
Boycott the refusal to buy certain goods
Boston Massacre March 5, 1770, British soldiers opened fire on a crowd killing 5 American colonishs; event fueled the Americans hatred for the British
Boston Tea Party colonists some dressed as Indians sneaked aboard British ships and dumped 90,000 pounds of tea into the Boston Harbor
Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) also known as the Coercive Acts; these acts (laws) punished the Boston colonists for the Boston Tea Party; the Boston port was closed to trade and a new Quartering Act
Proclamation of 1763 England said colonists could not settle new lands beyond the Appalachian Mts.
First Continental Congress a meeting of delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies that met on September 5 to October 24,1774 at Carpenters Hill, Philadelphia.
Olive Branch Petition a letter to King George lll, from members of the Second Continental Congress, which represents the last attempt of the moderate party in North America.
Second Continental Congress meeting of colonial delegates in May 1775; a committee of 5 men were appointed to write a document declaring American Independence
Quartering Act part of the Intolerable Acts; act that required colonist to house and feed British soldiers
Declaration of Independence the document addressed to King George ll of England that declared American independence
Thomas Jefferson chief author of the D.O.I
Articles of Confederation our 1st government; lasted for about 10 years; created a "league of friendship" between the 13 states
Daniel Shays' Rebellion a wake up call for Americans; Daniel Shays led rebellion of Massachusetts farmers against the federal govt. under the AOC
Philadelphia Convention aka Constitution Convention; meet May Sept. 1787 delegates suppose to amend (fix) the Articles of Confederation; end up writing a new constitution
James Madison Father of the Constitution
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