Chapter 12 Reconstruction

mkthomsen
Flashcards by mkthomsen, updated more than 1 year ago
mkthomsen
Created by mkthomsen over 5 years ago
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11 US History Flashcards on Chapter 12 Reconstruction, created by mkthomsen on 02/08/2016.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Name given to Lincoln's plan which called for minimal loyalty from citizens in the Southern States. 10% Plan
Process of bringing charges against the President Impeachement
Required the majority of a state's white male citizens to pledge loyalty before elections could be held Wade-Davis Bill
Abolished slavery once and for all 13th Amendment
Organization responsible to provide food, clothing, hospitals, and schools for freedmen & their families. Freedmen's Bureau
Presidential power to prevent a bill passed in the last 10 days of session from becoming law by ignoring it. Pocket Veto
Official pardon issued by the president to those in the South who pledged loyalty to the Union. Proclamation of Amnesty
Name given to the Supreme leader of the Ku Klux Klan Grand Wizard
Qualifications to be a member of the KKK 1. White Protestants 2. Had to be 16 years or older
At one point he served as the supreme leader of the KKK; he was elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives in 1989. David Duke
2 other groups that were targeted by the KKK 1. Roman Catholics 2. Jews
Object burned by the KKK in many people's front yards Crosses
Confederate officer who founded the KKK Nathan Bedford Forrest
Different ways the KKK harmed their victims - Lynching - Hanging
Laws Designed to keep freedmen in slave-like conditions The Black Codes
Guaranteed all citizens, regardless of race, the right to vote. 15th Amendment
Secret society of whites that used terror & violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights KKK
Political group that favored much tougher requirements for restoring Southern state governments Radical Republicans
Required states to grant citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the US 14th Amendment
Divided the South into 5 military districts under the control of the US army Reconstruction Act of 1867
Gave African Americans citizenship & equal benefits of all laws & for the security of property Civil Rights Act
Labor system where freedmen worked for a portion of the crop Sharecropping
A scoundrel & traitor to the South Scalawag
Confederate general who was considered to be a traitor because he supported Reconstruction James Longstreet
System where farmers rented the land they farmed hoping to save enough money to one day purchase their own property Tenant farming
African American who took the Senate seat of Jefferson Davis Hiram Revels
Northern Republicans who came South to participate in Reconstruction Carpetbaggers
Set aside 45 million acres of government to be given to freedmen Southern Homestead Act
Actor who assassinated Abraham Lincoln John Wilkes Booth
President who issued the Proclamation of Amnesty as part of his reconstruction plan Abe Lincoln
Union general elected president in 1868 & 1872. He died of throat cancer a few years. Ulysses S. Grant
Radical Republican who insisted that the South be treated like a conquered territory Thaddeus Stevens
Became the president after Lincoln's assassination Andrew Johnson
He won the popular vote but lost the electoral vote in the controversial election of 1876 Samuel J. Tilden
Former slave who served as a close advisor to President Johnson during the Reconstruction of the South Fredrick Douglas
Southern Democrats who won their states back from the Republicans Redeemers
Group who broke from their political party and helped the Democrats regain control of the House of Representatives in 1874 Liberal Republicans
Term that referred to the trend that the South remained Democratic for nearly 100 years after reconstruction Solid South
Set heavy penalties on anyone attempting to prohibit civil rights in the South; also ban the use of disguises in the South Enforcement Acts
He won the controversial presidential election of 1876 Rutherford B. Hayes
Republicans agreed to withdraw federal troops from South in exchange for Hayes becoming president Compromise of 1877
The late 1800s & early 1900s was a time of industrialization & economic change in the South called this New South
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