BTEC SPORT

harriet baker
Flashcards by harriet baker, updated more than 1 year ago
harriet baker
Created by harriet baker over 5 years ago
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Question Answer
BTEC SPORT REVISION CARDS
WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF CONTINUOUS TRAINING? DOING AN EXERCISE FOR A LONG PERIOD OF TIME WITHOUT A REST
WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF CIRCUIT TRAINING? A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT STATIONS IN A SET ORDER FOR A SET AMOUNT OF TIME
WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF SHORT INTERVAL TRAINING? AT A HIGH INTENSITY YOU SPRINT THEN REST
WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF LONG INTERVAL TRAINING? EXERCISE FOR A LONG PERIOD OF TIME THEN REST
WHAT ARE THE 9 COMPONENTS OF FITNESS? 1. POWER 2. STRENGTH 3. AGILITY 4. BALANCE 5. REACTION TIME 6. FLEXIBILITY 7. CO-ORDINATION 8. SPEED 9. CARDIOVASCULAR ENDURANCE
WHAT IS SMARTER? S- SPECIFIC M- MEASURABLE A- ACHIEVEABLE R- REALISTIC T- TIME E- EXCITING R- RECORDED
WHAT IS FIIT? F- FREQUENCY I- INTENSITY T- TIME T- TYPE
WHAT IS PROGRESSIVE OVERLOAD? (REMEMBER SPORT) S- SPECIFICITY P- PRINCIPLE O- OVERLOAD R- REVERSIBILITY T- TEDIUM MAKING TRAINING HARDER AS YOU GO YOU NEED TO PUSH YOURSELF PAST YOUR ABILITY
WHAT IS AEROBIC ENDURANCE? THE ABILITY OF THE HEART AND LUNG TO WORK FOR A LONG PERIOD OF TIME DURING WHEN YOUR EXERCISING
WHAT IS MUSCULAR ENDURANCE? MUSCULAR ENDURANCE IS THE ABILITY OF A MUSCLE OR A GROUP OF MUSCLES TO WORK CONSISTENTLY OR FOR A LONG PERIOD OF TIME WITHOUT TIRING
WHAT IS MUSCULAR STRENGTH? MUSCULAR STRENGTH IS THE AMOUNT OF FORCE A MUSCLE CAN EXERT AGAINST A RESISTANCE
WHAT IS SPEED? SPEED IS MOVING A WHOLE BODY PART VERY QUICKLY IN A SHORT AMOUNT OF TIME
WHAT IS FLEXIBILITY? FLEXIBILITY IS THE RANGE OF A MOVEMENT AROUND A JOINT
WHAT IS BODY COMPOSITION? BODY COMPOSITION IS THE PERCENTAGE OF BODY WEIGHT WHICH IS FAT, MUSCLE OR BONE. IT HELPS SPORTS PEOPLE DEPENDING ON WHAT THEY PLAY
WHAT IS AGILITY? AGILITY IS THE ABILITY TO CHANGE THE POSITION OF THE BODY QUICKLY WITH CONTROL
WHAT IS BALANCE? BALANCE IS THE ABILITY TO RETAIN THE CENTER OF MASS ABOVE THE BASE OF SUPPORT WHEN STATIONARY (STATIC BALANCE) OR MOVING (DYNAMIC BALANCE)
WHAT IS CO-ORDINATION? CO-ORDINATION IS THE ABILITY TO USE TWO OR MORE BODY PARTS TOGETHER
WHAT IS POWER? POWER IS THE ABILITY TO USE STRENGTH AS SPEED (POWER = STRENGTH x SPEED)
WHAT IS REACTION TIME? REACTION TIME IS THE TIME BETWEEN THE POSITION OF A STIMULUS AND THE ON SET OF A MOVEMENT
WHAT IS STATIC TRAINING? STATIC TRAINING IS WHEN YOU STRETCH A MUSCLE AND HOLD IT IN POSITION HELPS TO LENGTHEN A MUSCLE
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PASSIVE AND ACTIVE STRETCHING? PASSIVE STRETCHING IS WHEN YOU USE SOMEONE ELSE ACTIVE STRETCHING IS WHEN YOU STRETCH ON YOUR OWN
WHAT IS BALLISTIC TRAINING? BALLISTIC TRAINING IS WHEN YOU STRETCH AND BOUNCE FAST
WHAT IS PNF TRAINING? PNF TRAINING IS WHEN YOU OVER STRETCH YOUR MUSCLES
WHAT IS FREE WEIGHTS? FREE WEIGHTS IS ARE WEIGHTS THAT ARE NOT ATTACHED TO A MACHINE
WHAT IS PLYOMETRICS TRAINING? PLYOMETRICS TRAINING IS A SUDDEN BURST OF POWER YOU MAKE THE MUSCLE LENGTH TO IT MAXIMUM THEN SHORTEN QUICKLY
WHAT IS FARTLEK TRAINING? FARTLEK TRAINING IS CHANGING THE INTENSITY, SPEED AND TERRAIN DURING EXERCISE
WHAT ARE HOLLOW SPRINTS? HOLLOW SPRINTS ARE WHEN YOU DO ONE SPRINT THEN WALK IN BETWEEN AND THEN START AGAIN
WHAT ARE ACCELERATION SPRINTS? ACCELERATION SPRINTS ARE WHEN YOU INCREASE THE PACE OF YOUR SPRINT OVER A SHORT DISTANCE
TRAINING METHODS FOR FLEXIBILITY STATIC TRAINING BALLISTIC TRAINING PNF TRAINING
TRAINING METHODS FOR STRENGTH, MUSCLE AND POWER TRAINING CIRCUIT TRAINING FREE WEIGHTS PLYOMETRIC TRANING
TRAINING METHODS FOR AEROBIC TRAINING CONTINUOUS TRAINING FARTLEK TRAINING LONG INTERVAL TRAINING
TRAINING METHODS FOR SPEED HOLLOW SPRINTS ACCELERATION SPRINT SHORT INTERVAL TRAINING
WHAT IS SPECIFICITY? SPECIFICITY IS DOING TRAINING FOR THE NEEDS OF THE ATHLETE
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND NEEDS TRAINING SHOULD BE DESIGNED TO MEET YOUR OWN TRAINING GOALS, NEEDS, ABILITY AND LEVEL OF FITNESS
WHAT IS ADAPTATIONS? ADAPTATION ITS HOW YOUR BODY INCREASES THE ABILITY TO COPE WITH THE TRAINING
WHAT IS REVERSIBILITY? REVERSIBILITY IS WHEN YOU STOP TRAINING YOU WILL LOOSE THE EFFECT THEREFORE IF TRAINING IS NOT HARD ENOUGH REVERSIBILITY WILL TAKE PLACE
REPETITION REPETITION IS HOW MANY TIMES YOU LIFT THE WEIGHT TIP: 1RPM = 1 REPETITION MAXIMUM
STRENGTH HIGH WEIGHTS IS 90% OF ONE REPETITION LESS REPS AT A HIGHER INTENSITY
ENDURANCE LOW WEIGHTS 50-60% OF ONE REP MORE REPS AT A LOWER INTENSITY
ELASTIC STRENGTH MEDIUM WEIGHTS 70% OF ONE REP MEDIUM REPS AT A MEDIUM INTENSITY
AEROBIC AEROBIC = MAXIMUM HEART RATE x 60% / 100
ANAEROBIC ANAEROBIC = MAXIMUM HEART RATE x 80% / 100
BORG RATE OF THE PERCEIVED EXERTION SCALE (RPE) RPE x 10 = BEATS PER MINUTE
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