CHILD CARE THEORIES

Charlie Cox
Flashcards by Charlie Cox, updated more than 1 year ago
Charlie Cox
Created by Charlie Cox over 4 years ago
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Flashcards on CHILD CARE THEORIES, created by Charlie Cox on 02/25/2016.

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Question Answer
BANDURA- SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY METHOD: Nursery children 3 groups watched film of adults kicking doll Condition 1: rewarded Condition 2: told off Condition 3: neither RESULTS: behaviour imitated CONCLUSION: behaviour is learnt through intimation EVALUATION: Well controlled variables, LOW ecological validity -> not in natural environment HIGH ETHICAL -> promoted aggressive behaviour
IVAN PAVLOV- CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Humans -> Little albert
B.F SKINNER- OPERANT CONDITIONING Positive reinforcement: desirable Negative reinforcement: undesirable SKINNER RAT STUDY: Skinner box, placed rat in, different stimuli electric shock Hungry rat learn that pressing the lever would release food & be rewarded
JEAN PIAGET- COGNITIVE - children are active and motivated learners - construct knowledge from experiences -
LEV VYSGOTSKY gap where child acc is and where they could be with help Perform more challeneging task when assisted
CHRIS ATHEY- SCHEMAS Schemas develop from actions & experiences MOTOR LEVEL: physical movements SYMBOLIC REPRESENRATIONAL: meaning to the schema RELATIONSHIP: schema x other things THOUGHT: use them to think bout things
JERROME BRUNER Influenced by Piaget/ Vygotsky Naturally curious abstrust thought develops from action SCAFFOLDING
INFORMATION PROCESSING THEORY
STRUCTURE OF LANGUAGE PHONOLOGY: SOUND (phonemes) SEMANTICS: MEANING OF WORDS SYNTAX: SENETENCE STRUCTURE
SKINNER (1957) - LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT language is matter of conditioning -> reinforcment or reward SELECTIVE REINFORCEMENT
NOAM CHOMSKY- LANGUAGE - innate to learn -> brain ready for lang LAD; lang acquistion device -> structure of brain which allow to absorb & rules LAD explains why babies understand diff lang
ERIK ERIKSON- PERSONALITY
THE BIG 5- PERSONALITY
SUSAN HARTER- SELF ESTEEM
JOHN BOWLBY- ATTACHMENT
HARRY HARLOW- ATTACHMENT H
MARY AINSWORTH- ATTACHMENT H
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