Crime : Key words

katiehumphrey
Flashcards by katiehumphrey, updated more than 1 year ago
katiehumphrey
Created by katiehumphrey about 7 years ago
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GCSE Sociology (Crime and Deviance) Flashcards on Crime : Key words, created by katiehumphrey on 01/15/2014.

Resource summary

Question Answer
deviance Actions that break norms and values of society or group
crime An action that is against the law
cross cultural deviance Something that is deviant in some cultures but not in others
situational deviance Something that is deviant only in certain situations
historical deviance Something that is deviant only at a certain time
conformity Following the rules
functions of punishment • To prevent crime • To deter others from committing crime • To reform offenders • To punish criminals • To keep the public safe
ASBO Individual social orders, eg banning someone from an area
community service Offenders ordered to work in a community, eg clearing graffiti
corporal punishment Physical punishment eg whipping
curfews Often part of an ASBO, limiting the time the offender may be allowed out in public
death penalty Known as capital punishment, illegal in Britain
electronic tagging Attaching a tag to the offender to control and monitor where they are
fines Financial punishment
mental health orders Granted if the crime is due to mental illness
prison sentencing A loss of freedom for a set amount of time
probation Being offered supervision instead of prison to ensure that offending stops
dark figure of crime refers to crime that goes unrecorded
delinquency The undesirable, antisocial behaviour of young people
police targeting Where the police focus on a particular group of people in society, believing them to be more likely to be involved in criminal behaviour than other groups
discrimination Treating people differently because of their social characteristics e.g. not giving someone a job because she is female
racism a form of discrimination; treating someone differently to others in society because of their ethnicity
alienation Not feeling part of the wider society or culture; feeling separate and cut off from it
self fulfilling prophecy A way of thinking about a person or group of people, usually negative, that causes that person or group of people to behave in a way that makes the belief reality
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