AQA Chemistry A-Level Definitions

Joseph Tedds
Flashcards by Joseph Tedds, updated more than 1 year ago
Joseph Tedds
Created by Joseph Tedds about 5 years ago
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Description

Descriptions that the chemistry specification says all candidates must learn.

Resource summary

Question Answer
First Ionisation Energy The energy needed to remove 1 mole of electrons from 1 mole of atoms in the gaseous state
Relative Atomic Mass The ratio of the average mass of one atom relative to 1/12 of the mass of an atom of carbon-12
Relative Molecular Mass The ratio of the average mass of a molecule relative to 1/12 of the mass of an atom of carbon-12
Relative Formula Mass The ratio of the average mass of an entity relative to 1/12 of an atom of carbon-12
Standard Enthalpy of Formation The enthalpy change when 1 mole of a compound is formed from its constituent elements under standard conditions (298K, 101kPa)
Standard enthalpy of combustion The enthalpy change when one mole of a substance undergoes complete combustion with oxygen under standard conditions (298K, 101kPa)
Mean Bond Enthalpy The average value of the dissociation enthalpy for a given type of bond taken from a range of different compounds
Activation Energy The minimum amount of energy needed for a reaction to take place (for the bonds of the reactants to break and reassembling the atoms into the products); the enthalpy difference between the reactants and their transitionary state
Structural Isomer The same molecular formula but different structural formula
Stereoisomer The same structural formula but different spatial arrangements of atoms/groups/bonds
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