classification of skill

s.ghillean
Flashcards by s.ghillean, updated more than 1 year ago
s.ghillean
Created by s.ghillean about 6 years ago
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GCSE AS PE (skills and abilities) Flashcards on classification of skill, created by s.ghillean on 03/08/2014.

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Question Answer
classification of skill -Open & closed -self-paced & externally-paced -Gross & fine - Serial, discrete or continuous - High or low complexity - High or low organisation
OPEN Open- affected by the environment and predominantly perceptual, movements have to be adapted to the environment and the skill is mostly externally paced (a pass in football)
CLOSED -Not affected by the environment and are predominantly habitual, movements follow a set pattern and have a definitive start and finish, tend to be self paced (free throw in basketball)
Self-paced -Performer controls the rate at which skill is executed, self-pacing involves pro-action by the performer, usually closed skills (javelin throw)
externally paced -The environment which may include your opponents, controls the rate of the skill, involves reaction usually open skill (receiving a serve)
Gross - Large muscle movements, not very precise in nature and include many of the fundamental movement patterns such as walking and jumping (shot put)
Fine -More intricate movements using small muscle groups, precise in nature and generally involve a high degree of hand eye coordination (snooker shot, dart throw)
discrete Skills with a distinct beginning and end. A high serve in badminton is an example of a discrete skill. This skill has a clear beginning and ends as the player makes decisions about his or her court movement and future shot selection after the serve.
serial Skills consisting of several discrete skills with distinct parts, the order of which is very important. For example, the long jump.
contnuous A skill with no clear beginning or end. As one cycle ends another begins, and this will be ongoing until the performer decides to end it
high complexity Skills that do require large amounts of coordination, timing, quick thought processing or are physically demanding are classified as complex skills. For example, a lay up in basketball, a smash in badminton.
low complexity Skills that do require large amounts of coordination, timing, quick thought processing or are physically demanding are classified as complex skills. For example, a lay up in basketball, a smash in badminton.
high organisation - Skills have a lot of subroutines that are closely integrated and are difficult to practice separately without ruining the dynamics & timings of the skills. They are best practiced as a whole (Gymnastic skills)
Low organisation -Made up of subroutines that tend to be discrete; they can be practiced separately and then put into the whole skill with little difficulty ( tennis serve stages, ball toss, racket back etc.)
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