Key individuals on the Germany course

pjlovingthelearning
Flashcards by pjlovingthelearning, updated more than 1 year ago
pjlovingthelearning
Created by pjlovingthelearning about 7 years ago
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Flash cards to help you revise the important individuals on the Germany course

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Question Answer
Freidrich Ebert Leader of social democrats and first President of Weimar Republic
Rosa Luxemourg and Karl Liebknecht Leaders of the Spartacists
Wolfgang Kapp Leader of the Kapp Putsch which took place in March 1920
General Eric Ludendorff Well known World War 1 German war hero. Took part in Munich Beer Hall Putsch with Hitler
Adolf Hitler Leader of Germany 1933-1945. Wrote Mein Kampf in 1924 whilst in prison after Beer Hall Putsch
Gustav Stresemann Chancellor of Germany for 100 days in 1923. Known for his policy of fulfilment. Foreign Minister of Germany 1924-1929. Won Nobel Peace Prize.
President Hindenburg Another WW1 war hero. Elected President in 1925 and 1932. Died in 1934.
Heinrich Bruning Chancellor of Germany between 1930 and 1932. Ruled by getting President Hindenburg to use Article 48.
Franz von Papen Leader of Centre Party and Chancellor in 1932. Replaced by von Schleicher after losing a vote of confidence in Reichstag.
Kurt von Schleicher Senior army officer and appointed Chancellor in 1932. Very unpopular - replaced by Hitler
Marinus van der Lubbe Dutch Communist - implicated in the Reichstag Fire of 27th February 1933
An SA soldier Known as brownshirts. Destroyed at the 1934 Night of the Long Knives
Ernst Rohm Leader of the SA. Killed at the Night of the Long Knives in June 1934.
Heinrich Himmler Leader of the SS
Dr Joseph Goebbels In charge of propaganda and enlightenment. Responsible for propaganda and Nuremberg rallies
Pope Pius XI Issued an encyclical called 'With Burning Anxiety'
Cardinal Galen Catholic who organised a protest against Nazi policy of euthanasia
Pastor Martin Niemoller Set up breakaway Protestant movement called the German Confessional Church
Henry Metelmann Hitler youth leader who 'simply loved it in the Hitler Youth'
Hans and Sophie Scholl Leading members of the White Rose Group. Opposition group based at Munich University. Eventually executed.
Count von Stauffenberg Leading light behind failed plot of July 1944 to kill Hitler.
Dietrich Bonhoeffer Church leader along with Niemoller. In 1939, joined the Abwehr and set up Operation 7 to help Jews escape to Switzerland.
Hermann Goring Head of army and German economy. Introduced 4 year plan in 1933 to reduce unemployment and rearm Germany.
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