Key Words - Weather and Climate

Tom Pass
Flashcards by Tom Pass, updated more than 1 year ago
Tom Pass
Created by Tom Pass about 3 years ago
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Description

Key Words for geography - weather and climate. Ten important Key Words for GCSE geograpghy.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Precipitation Precipitation is any form of water - liquid or solid - falling from the sky. It includes rain, sleet, snow, hail and drizzle.
Latitude Latitude is the angular distance north or south of the equator of a point on the Earth's surface.
Longitude The longitude of a location is how many degrees east or west the object is.
Atmospheric Pressure It is the force exerted on a surface by the air above it as gravity pulls it to Earth.
Altitude The height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level (the height of something).
Depressions Depressions are areas of low atmospheric pressure which produce cloudy, rainy and windy weather
Anticyclones Anticyclones are an area of high atmospheric pressure where the air is sinking. There is no clouds or rain.
Frontal Rainfall Frontal rainfall is a type of condensation that occurs when a cold front meets a warm front.
Relief Rainfall Relief rainfall is formed when air is forced to cool when it rises over relief features in the landscape such as hills or mountains.
Convectional Rainfall Convectional rainfall is when the sun heats the ground and warm air rises. As the air rises it cools and water vapour condenses to form clouds. It then falls as rain.
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