Flashcards by , created about 5 years ago


Created by x_clairey_x about 5 years ago
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Question Answer
What do plants need to live? Light, carbon dioxide, water, oxygen and nutrients to produce glucose energy in order to survive
What do animals need to survive? Food from other living organisms, water and oxygen
What do microorganisms need to survive? A range of things, some are like plants and some are like animals but some don't need light or oxygen to survive
What are adaptations? Features that make it possible for living organisms to survive in their particular habitat, even if conditions are extreme
What are extremophiles? Microorganisms that have adaptations enabling them to live in extreme conditions of salt, temperature or pressure
How do animals adapt to cold temperatures? They are often large with a small surface area and have thick insulating layers of fat and fur
How do animals adapt to hot temperatures? Often have a large surface area: volume ratio, little fur and behavior patterns that avoid the heat of the day
How do plants lose water? Plants lose water vapor from the surface area of their leaves
How are plants adapted to live in dry conditions? Have extensive root systems, water-storage tissues and reduced surface area of leaves
What do animals compete for? Food, territory and mates
What makes an animal a good competitor? Animals with good adaptations are usually good competitors
What do plants compete for? Light for photosynthesis , Water for photosynthesis, nutrients and space to grow
What affects the distribution of living things? Temperature, average rainfall, light, pH, oxygen levels, other living things and changes in the environment