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ellienewitt
Flashcards by ellienewitt, updated more than 1 year ago
ellienewitt
Created by ellienewitt about 7 years ago
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POSITIVISM & BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS FUNCTIONALISM & STRAIN THEORY ECOLOGICAL & ENVIRONMENTAL

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Biological and Phychological theories of crime... - criminal or deviant behaviour is determind by physical or psychological conditions - crime is put down to their being something 'wrong' with the person, rather than society.
biological factors- what is Phrenology? personality could be determined by the shape of your skull
outline cearser lambroso's study.. 6th nov 1835 - 19th oct 1901 - looks at genetic make up of criminals - criminals had abnormal features that made them different from the rest of the population - large jaws and cheekbones- (earlier stage of evolution)
what do psychologists look into? - criminal behaviours; genetically based personality characteristics - extra y chromosome- neirotic extroverts - PET scans; psychopaths often have brain abnormalities; organic reasons for behaviour - poor relationships with mother/father in childhood; malajusted personalities.
why do sociologists reject both biological and psychological theories? because neither say anything about the role society plays, or about social groups and the pressures they push to look a certain way, and act a certain way- peer pressure, not all criminals have these physical atributes, you cannot generalise if crime is a social construct
biological explanations for criminal behaviour... - they assume some people are 'born a criminal' who are biologically different to non-criminals - they have mental and physicial differences- causes them to have an inability to learn and follow rules - its determined by genes - a form of illness caused by pathological factors, specific to individuals
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