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Skeletal system physiology & anatomy

Description

Here is just a brief revision for the skeletal system.
Mahmut Oz
Flashcards by Mahmut Oz, updated more than 1 year ago
Mahmut Oz
Created by Mahmut Oz about 5 years ago
14
1

Resource summary

Question Answer
Name all the major bones in the human skeleton Cranium, Clavicle, Mandible, Scapula, Sternum, Humerus, Rib cage, Illium, Sacrum, Pubis, Radius, Ulna, Carpals, Metacarpals, Pahalnges, Femur, Patella, Tibia, Fibula, Tarsals and don't forget the spine (Vertebrae)
Name all the bone types Short bone, Long bone, Flat bone, Irregular bone, Sesamoid bone
What's the function of the short bone? Increases in stability and reduces unwanted movement
What's the function of the long bone? It's a source of red blood cells production, it's essential for oxygen delivery It also enables large movements, allowing increased speed or range in which an object can be moved It acts as levers to generate more force on an object
What's the function of the flat bone? To protect the vital organs to reduce injury Enables muscle attachment to create movement Produces blood cells in adults
What's the function of irregular bone? Irregular bone vary in shape and structure and therefore do not fit into any other category (flat, short, long, or sesamoid) They often have a fairly complex shape, which helps protect internal organs For example, the vertebrae, irregular bones of the vertebral column, protect the spinal cord
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