What is health? Key terms & definitions

caityelphie
Flashcards by caityelphie, updated more than 1 year ago
caityelphie
Created by caityelphie almost 7 years ago
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Flashcards on What is health? Key terms & definitions, created by caityelphie on 18/05/2014.

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Question Answer
Health Status Measures or describes the health of individuals or populations
Life Expectancy The average number of years of life remaining to a person at any specific age
HALE Health Adjusted Life Expectancy: Estimate of # of healthy years that a person born in a particular year is expected to live. Based on current death and disease patterns
DALY Disability Adjusted Life Year: Measure to compare the impact of diff. diseases and injuries at a diff. level. One DALY is one year of healthy life lost. More DALY's the greater the burden of disease
Health Dimensions Physical, Social, Mental
7 factors: Optimal Health Ideal body weight Freedom from illness and disease Adequate energy levels Ability to complete physical tasks adequately Appropriate level of fitness Strong immune system well functioning body systems and organs
Health continuum stages Optimal, good, average, poor and death
Morbidity The number of people that suffer from a particular condition in the population
Physical health efficient functioning of the body and its systems Capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness
Social Health Being able to interact with others and participate in the community, in both an independent and cooperative way
Mental Health well being in which an individual can realise their own abilities, cope with stress, work productively and are able to make a contribution to their community
Mortality deaths in the population # of deaths from a specific cause in a population (usually 100 000 people in 12 month period
Incidence # of new cases of a certain condition of disease in a period of time (usually 12 months)
Prevelance total # of people experiencing the condition at a given time
Determinants of health Biological Behavioral Social
Biological determinant Refers to body and actual bodily states Eg. genetics, blood pressure, blood cholesterol, body weight and impaired glucose regulation
Behavioral Determinants Persons Behavior or actions, we have control over Alcohol consumption, Illicit Drug Use, Dietary behavior, Sexual behavior, excessive sun exposure, vaccination, tobacco smoking, physical activity
Social determinants Aspects of society and the social environment Stress, Early life Experiences, social exclusion, work, unemployment, social support, addiction, food, transport& social economic status
Under weight <18.5
Healthy weight 18.5 - 24.9
Overweight 25.0 - 29.9
Obese 30<
Leading cause of death in M & F Heart disease
CVD Diseases Coronary Heart disease Heart Failure Stroke Peripheral vascular disease
CVD risk factors Bio: overwieght and obesity, diabetes, genetics Bahav: Tobacco smoking, poor diet and nutrition, physical inactivity Social: stress
Diabetes Types Type 1: Eat sugar, glucose isn't converted to energy, builds up in blood stream Type 2: Pancreas produces little to no insulin
Type 2 diabetes: Risk Factors Bio: Genetics, age Behav: Physical inactivity, poor diet Social: Money, work
Areas of body affected by diabetes Heart, kidneys, liver, nerves, vision and vascular system
Macronutrients Large amounts or quantities Supply of energy, major bodily functions and functioning of vital organs
Micronutrients Small amounts/quantities Vitamins and minerals milligrams or micrograms
Kilojoule Intake 8700Kj
Best Before Still safe to eat after that date but may have lost some of its quality
Use By Unsafe to eat after that date and cannot be legally sold after that date
Relationship connection between two or more people or groups of people and their involvement with one another
Healthy relationship factors Empathy, respect, honesty, safety, Equality, Loyalty, Security and trust
Types of communication Verbal: Use of words Non-verbal: Body language
Emotional Abuse Calling the other person names
Physical Abuse Pulling hair, threats, kicking
Sexual Abuse Forcing a person to have sex
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus
AIDs acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Positive Risk Taking VS Negative Risk Taking A risk that improves you, not harms you
Depressant Slows down CNS but does not necessarily make you feel depressed Eg. Valium
Stimulant Speeds up CNS make the user feel more awake, alert and confident Eg. Ritalin
Smoking stats Male: 20.4% Females: 16.3%
Mental Health a person’s condition with regard to their psychological and emotional well-being.
Mental Illness a condition which causes serious disorder in a person's behavior or thinking.
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