Germany 1918 to 1934 Key Events


Part of our series on Germany 1918 to 1938, this flashcard deck sets out the key events in flashcard form for easy learning and memorisation. Key events and terms from the period of the rise of the Nazi party are presented.
Andrew Burke
Flashcards by Andrew Burke, updated more than 1 year ago
Andrew Burke
Created by Andrew Burke almost 7 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Kaiser The Emperor of Germany e.g. Wilhelm II
Freikorps These were ex-World War One soldiers who were paid to help the government keep order in Germany.
Proportional Representation Parties get the number of seats proportional to the number of votes in an election
Treaty of Versailles A treaty of how to deal with Germany after the First World War, signed on June 28, 1919.
Diktat An order or decree imposed by someone in power without popular consent.
Kapp Putsch 1920 An attempt by Wolfgang Kapp to take over Germany with the support of the Freikorps.
Passive Resistance Non-violent opposition to authority e.g. German workers not cooperating with the French during the invasion of the Ruhr valley.
Hyperinflation This is when inflation (increase in prices and fall in purchasing power of money) occurs at an extremely high rate.
Munich Putsch 1923 November 8, 1923 Hitler carried out a plan to topple the Weimar government and seize power in Germany. This plan failed.
Rentenmark New currency introduced under Gustav Stresemann to cope with hyperinflation.
Dawes Plan 1924 To prevent economic collapse in Germany the USA lent money to the German government in order to repay its reparations. These loans provided support to the German economy and resulted in growth mid-1920s.
Locarno Treaties 1925 Germany accepted its borders as set out in the Treaty of Versailles. This paved a way to join the League of Nations.
Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928 Also known as the 'Pact of Paris', this involved 65 nations agreeing not to use force in order to solve disputes.
Mein Kampf 'My Struggle'
Lebensraum This means 'living space', and highlighted the idea that Germany needed to occupy territory for the expansion its people.
Aryan These are the type of people Hitler classified as the 'master race' and superior to any other race.
Autarky A country that is economically independent or self-sufficient.
Great Depression 1929 A long phase of economic decline that resulted in changes within and between countries e.g. recalling of German loans from the US
Reichstag Fire 1933 On 27 February, the Reichstag building was set on fire. Hitler blamed this incident on the communists and claimed it was the beginning of a communist revolt.
Enabling Act 1933 This act gave Hitler the right to make laws without having to consult the Reichstag or president.
Concentration Camps During the earlier years of Hitler's reign these camps were used as 'correction' facilities for those who opposed his rule.
Paramilitary A group of people organised similarly to a military force.
The Night of the Long Knives 1934 Leading officers of the army were suspicious of Hitler's SA and its leader Ernst Röhm. Over the weekend 29-30 June, squads of the SS broke into the homes of Röhm and other SA leaders and arrested them and then had them executed.
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