A forest is a highly complex, constantly changing environment made up of a variety of living things
(wildlife, trees, shrubs, wildflowers, ferns, mosses, lichens, fungi and microscopic soil organisms) and
non-living things (water, nutrients, rocks, sunlight and air). Trees are the biggest part of this complex
Types of forests
There are many different kinds of forests around the
world—tropical rain forests, temperate rain forests, boreal forests,
mangrove forests, Carolinian forests... to name but a few. In
Canada, we have eight different forest regions; the Boreal,
Subalpine, Montane, Coast, Columbia, Deciduous (Carolinian), Great
Lakes/St. Lawrence and Acadian forest regions.
The Coast region
runs along the
Pacific coast of
The trees are
many species are
used for timber.
The Boreal forest
region covers about
80% of Canada’s
forested land. It
runs east from the
and the Alaskan
border across the
country to northern
Loss of forests
stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a
non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include
conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or
uDeforestation, clearance or clearing is the removal of a
forest orrban use.
Also due to the
shade of trees the
soil remains moist.
With the clearance
of tree cover, the
soil is directly
exposed to the sun,
making it dry.
Due to massive felling down of trees,
various species of animals are lost.
They lose their habitat and forced to
move to new location. Some of them
are even pushed to extinction. Our
world has lost so many species of
plants and animals in last couple of