Behaviour

BMcLean
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Degree ACAHW&B (Behaviour) Mind Map on Behaviour, created by BMcLean on 05/20/2013.

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BMcLean
Created by BMcLean over 6 years ago
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Behaviour
1 Emotions
1.1 Frustration
1.1.1 Thwarting of an action
1.1.1.1 Common
1.1.1.2 Intensifies existing behaviour
1.1.1.3 Problem animal becomes a danger
1.2 Relief
1.2.1 Successful completion of a motivation
1.2.1.1 Nothing bad happens
1.3 Fear
1.3.1 Has a stimulus relating to it
1.3.1.1 related to negative conception
1.4 Anxiety
1.4.1 anticipation of a potentially negative outcome
1.4.1.1 new situation
1.4.1.2 new environment
1.4.1.3 previous negative experience
1.5 Phobia
1.5.1 Maladaptive
1.5.1.1 Irrational fear
1.5.1.1.1 out of proportion to risk
1.5.1.1.1.1 fear lasts a disproportionate amount of time to the risk
2 Approaches to Behaviour
2.1 1. Description of the signs
2.1.1 barking
2.1.2 destruction
2.1.3 biting
2.2 2. Description of motivation and emotion
2.2.1 anxiety
2.2.2 fear
2.2.3 frustration
2.3 3. Working on the symptoms
2.3.1 Aversive (suppressive) methods
2.3.1.1 signal to animals that behaviour is unwanted
2.3.1.1.1 prevents the expression of the behaviour
2.3.1.1.2 spray water
2.3.1.1.3 rattle can
2.3.1.1.4 shout
2.3.1.1.5 shock collar
2.3.1.1.5.1 !extreme cases!
2.3.2 Barrier methods
2.3.2.1 emotion expressed but consequences avoided
2.3.2.1.1 muzzles
2.3.2.1.2 leads
2.3.2.1.3 baby gates
2.3.2.1.4 safety is paramount
2.3.2.1.4.1 of animal, owner and public
2.3.2.1.5 there are legal implications
2.3.2.1.5.1 section 3 of dangerous dogs act.
2.3.2.1.5.1.1 applies to all dogs and owners
2.3.2.1.6 animal needs to be able to express emotions
2.3.2.2 short term solution
3 Causes of behavioural issue
3.1 Stimulus
3.1.1 e.g. stranger or infection
3.1.2 Emotion
3.1.2.1 Behavioural response
3.1.2.1.1 Consequence
3.1.2.1.1.1 e.g injury or mess on carpet
3.1.2.1.2 e.g biting or diarrhoea
3.1.2.1.3 could input here to cause a barrier.
3.1.2.1.3.1 animal still 'sick' but no consequence
3.1.2.2 e.g fear or pain
3.1.3 !!Need to break reaction between stimulus and emotion ideally!!
4 Need to work on the motivation
4.1 changes the need for the bad behaviour
4.1.1 determining the motivation
4.1.1.1 take a behavioural history
4.1.1.1.1 rearing, interactions, routine, experiences, reactions to stimuli
4.1.1.1.2 medical conditions
4.1.1.1.3 observe the animals directly on indirectly
4.1.1.1.4 interpret body language signals
4.1.1.1.5 understand the influence of the family system and environment
4.1.2 Consider contexts
4.1.2.1 behaviour does not occur in isolation
4.1.2.2 physical and social context
4.1.2.3 information needed: why, where, when, whom?
5 Improving Behaviour
5.1 Modifying emotions
5.1.1 depends on self confidence
5.1.2 lack of self confidence fosters anxiety
5.1.3 lack of consistency and predictability fosters emotional instability
5.1.4 unrealistic expectations fosters frustration
5.2 Creating emotional stability
5.2.1 genetic influences on emotions (breed standards affect this)
5.2.2 start early - socialisation, habituation
5.2.2.1 must be in a positive emotional state
5.2.3 remember significance of animals natural ethology
5.2.3.1 dogs are pack animals
5.2.3.2 cats solitary
5.2.4 enhance self confidence
5.2.5 decrease confusion
5.2.6 be consistant
5.3 Enhance self confidence
5.3.1 reward decision making
5.3.1.1 spontaneous
5.3.1.2 guided
5.3.2 reward appropriate responses even when expected
5.3.3 ignore needy behaviour
5.3.3.1 no reward
5.3.3.2 no rejection
5.3.4 reward emotional recovery
5.3.5 modify environment
5.3.5.1 pheramones
5.4 Reduce confusion
5.4.1 face licking
5.4.1.1 gathering scents, not showing affection
5.4.2 hugs
5.4.2.1 form of attack
5.5 group benefits
5.5.1 no bullying in leadership
5.5.2 confidence is contagious

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